|By Irfan Khan||
|December 13, 2009 07:00 PM EST||
Doing more with less is a familiar refrain for IT professionals, and today's challenging business environment has only increased the pressure on managers to achieve efficiencies, maximize performance and improve responsiveness of the data center. More and more frequently, IT is turning to virtualization to accomplish its mission-critical goals.
The hot new trend in cloud computing is a natural extension of this drive toward virtualization. In the case of the public cloud, IT can add processing power and infrastructure as needed, and in the case of the private cloud, IT can improve the utilization of existing infrastructure. In other words, cloud computing platforms offer IT the opportunity to increase efficiencies and become more agile, transforming the data center into an environment that delivers greater benefits to end-users.
This tremendous potential of cloud computing can be seen by examining how organizations currently manage, analyze and mobilize data. Cloud has given IT organizations the opportunity to fundamentally shift the way data is created, processed and shared.
In order to take advantage of cloud computing for data management, IT must familiarize itself with the latest issues and trends. This requires a greater understanding of each of the three prominent cloud models - private, public and hybrid - along with proper evaluation of the criteria around a cloud strategy.
Cloud Gazing: Three Prominent Models
Much like those ubiquitous, puffy white masses of water vapor in our stratosphere, each of the prominent cloud computing models has its own unique qualities and benefits. The type of cloud strategy an organization chooses will depend on the specific issues they are addressing.
For IT organizations operating a virtual data center environment, private or internal cloud may offer important advantages. An internal cloud is an effective way to boost productivity while providing users a certain level of self-sufficiency. Such a cloud deployment also mitigates the need to purchase new systems. Through virtualization and cloud infrastructure, users can self-provision a virtual machine on the cloud environment, which can easily be expanded or contracted as a given project reaches fruition. By first developing tools to handle life cycle management of virtual machines, a user can request a virtual machine using a menu to specify resource requirements (CPUs, memory, storage), operating system details, lease period and other miscellaneous configuration information.
An internal cloud can provide critical efficiencies by avoiding data center expansion, faster provisioning of server capacity, faster upgrades of memory, CPU and storage, improved reliability, and business continuity/disaster recovery improvements. Case in point, a major financial services provider recently turned their compute backbone into an internal cloud with a focus on providing a platform to host virtual desktops. The company found that it is easier to share infrastructure with the computational jobs which run after the local trading day ends so there is a nice segregation of "jobs" in the local data center. Additionally, this solution has proven to deliver faster ROI.
Intense interest in public or external cloud strategies is being fueled by the potential for improved efficiencies, flexible and dynamic environments, on-demand infrastructure and smaller maintenance requirements. External cloud services offer the potential for improved business agility, better scalability and versatility. An example of this can be found with one of the world's leading electronic stock exchanges, who turned to an external cloud provider in order to enable brokerage firms to show customers and regulators that best-execution requirements were met for a given trade. An application was written to upload data for every stock in files representing ten-minute increments of trading data based on data from the major exchanges. This allows an accurate reconstruction of the trade environment without having to build out an internal storage infrastructure strictly for emulation (or testing) purposes. A further benefit of this cloud deployment has been the flexibility of pay-as-you-go pricing.
In today's challenging economy, with IT increasingly finding itself strapped for resources, external cloud services are proving to be an effective means for lowering upfront costs and reducing the workload on overburdened IT staff.
Experts agree that the hybrid cloud environment, a mix of in-house and outsourced computing and networking resources, will be a leading choice for enterprises in the near term. The hybrid model offers the greatest flexibility when dealing with the dynamic data requirements of most businesses today.
Regardless of the model, cloud computing is proving to be highly attractive because of its dynamic infrastructure, ability to support any application and operating system, accessibility via Internet protocols, automatic scalability and the fact that no software or hardware installation is required on site. Additional benefits for end-users include the:
- ability to shift resources from undifferentiated heavy lifting to differentiated value creation,
- abstraction from infrastructure,
- "pay for what you use" approach and
- adaptability to resource requirements
As a result, cloud computing is fast becoming an important tool in the IT arsenal.
Cloud Potential: Classes of Applications Deserving of Deployment
At present, cloud isn't for everyone. In those cases where the most stringent privacy and security policies are in place, a public cloud offering may not meet the regulations needed by IT. Conversely, applications that readily lend themselves to cloud are ones in which the user interface is easily presented in a Web browser and where time sensitivity isn't an issue, such as sales force automation or customer relationship management.
Some classes of applications in use today that might not appear to be obvious cloud candidates will in fact be deployed to the cloud in the near future. Increasingly, we are seeing more functions of data management and data analytics being moved to cloud environments with great success.
One such class of applications is database management systems. For organizations with large databases and high transaction volumes, cloud enables a measure of strategic agility that can meet today's enterprise needs. Sybase Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is a prime example of a mission-critical data management system that allows IT to get a handle on exploding information demands. This application provides access and control over data, transforming information into a vital, accessible and decisive mission asset made all the more effective when utilized in cloud.
As organizations employ larger data warehouses for purposes ranging from standard reporting to strategic business analytics, complex event processing and deep-dive data mining, the need for performance will continue to outpace the capabilities of traditional relational databases. Cloud computing offers IT a powerful means for meeting the performance and scalability requirements of the enterprise data warehouse. With large-scale systems continuing to expand, alternate approaches to support standard reporting, analysis, and power-user ad hoc queries will become increasingly established as the platforms of choice for very large database systems.
As with other cloud environments, analytics in the cloud benefit end-users by offering a pay-as-you-go model and adaptable resource requirements that free up IT from the need to purchase additional hardware and going through the extensive procurement process.
In order to satisfy the rapidly expanding need for analytical performance, Sybase offers a solution well suited to exploit the benefits of cloud. Sybase IQ takes an alternate database approach, storing data oriented by columns instead of rows. This approach has proven superior in sustaining the performance and rapid growth requirements of analytical applications and, when combined with cloud computing, offers significant advantages. The column-oriented methodology provides a combination of architectural simplicity and the ability to configure data in a way that can reduce the physical amount of data that must be accessed. Reducing the storage footprint while optimizing column access will reduce data access latency and improve use of network bandwidth, thereby contributing to a scalable environment that continues to provide consistently high performance as data volumes, number of users and number of queries increase.
With a growing trend toward mobility in the workforce, IT faces increased demand for access to mobilized applications. Managing data and exchange technologies can place significant demands on IT, necessitating regular onsite maintenance of mobile devices. Cloud offers IT the scalability, flexibility, performance and responsiveness needed to deploy and manage mobile applications. For example, Sybase SQL Anywhere provides data management and data exchange technologies that enable the rapid development and deployment of database-powered applications. Design and management tools within SQL Anywhere enable IT to implement and deploy mobile applications, while also easily providing support.
For one major telecommunications provider, cloud computing is key in offering Web-interfaced applications hosted and deployed in a managed service (SaaS) model. This company leverages Sybase's Afaria solution, which provides comprehensive management and security capabilities to ensure that mobile data and devices are up-to-date, reliable and secure. The provisioning and scalability advantages of cloud make it possible for the company to offer an integrated suite of managed mobility applications for their customers that can be contracted individually or in combination. Afaria enables the company to offer its hosted applications, and assist customers in managing the deployment, expenses and ongoing support to a global mobile workforce without technical complexity and security risks.
Cloud computing can enable IT to more effectively handle the wide ranging database requirements of mobile workers, while minimizing the impact on end-users, thus allowing them to focus on the work at hand rather than getting bogged down with the technology.
There are numerous considerations IT should take into account when pursing a data center cloud strategy. These range from security and compliance requirements to the need for a rich user interface, effective management and control, and the need to establish standards, provide support and improve performance.
In the case of multi-tenant applications, IT must consider the separation of data from a security, privacy, and compliance perspective. Data that is bound by strict privacy regulations, such as medical information covered by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), will require that tenants log in, after which they are then routed directly to their own secure database server. In this way, data remains separate and secure, and in compliance with government privacy mandates.
Another factor IT must consider is the implication of application performance on end users. If one tenant is running a large, complex report, overall performance on the database server can be slowed. IT must gauge the sensitivity of other users to such performance issues and factor this into decisions regarding external cloud providers as well as internal cloud initiatives
In terms of choosing cloud schema, IT can establish a single database on the server with separate schemas, allowing one tenant to employ a set of tables within the database while another tenant is able to utilize a different set of tables within that same database. In this scenario, the cost of provisioning is lower, but there is a trade-off in performance and data isolation. A second option is to employ shared schema where all tenants' data is contained in the same table. Each tenant has a column in the table, making this option more cost effective to provision, however application development becomes more complex.
Operational Considerations of Cloud
When hosting data in the cloud, IT must take various operational considerations into account. These considerations should include how backups will be performed and how often data will be backed up. Additional operational details, such as the existence of offsite storage and the robustness of disaster recovery protocols should be examined.
A further consideration IT should take into account as cloud computing gains wider acceptance is the ability for users to access the data center from both desktop and mobile environments. When considering mobile access, IT must evaluate technical considerations, such as how users will traverse an organization's firewall. Existing security requirements around data, and the ability to synchronize that data to mobile devices when appropriate, clearly add to the complexity of cloud deployment. Areas such as these should be top of mind for IT as they move forward.
The Sky Is the Limit With Cloud
As IT seeks to maximize the efficiency, performance and responsiveness of the data center, virtualization and cloud computing are providing important new tools to meet mission-critical goals. Cloud is opening the door for IT to get the most out of vital processing power and infrastructure.
The tremendous potential of cloud computing is fundamentally shifting the way data is created, processed and shared. Currently, the most prominent cloud models, private, public and hybrid, are transforming the data center into an environment that delivers significant benefits to end-users, in how they access and manage data.
As new strategies evolve and more classes of applications become viable in the cloud, IT has the opportunity to dramatically improve the agility, flexibility, performance and efficiency of data centers which, in turn, will ultimately lead to bottom-line organizational success.
14th International Cloud Expo, held on June 10–12, 2014 at the Javits Center in New York City, featured three content-packed days with a rich array of sessions about the business and technical value of cloud computing, Internet of Things, Big Data, and DevOps led by exceptional speakers from every sector of the IT ecosystem. The Cloud Expo series is the fastest-growing Enterprise IT event in the past 10 years, devoted to every aspect of delivering massively scalable enterprise IT as a service.
Aug. 21, 2014 06:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,118
As more applications and services move "to the cloud" (public or on-premise) cloud environments are increasingly adopting and building out traditional enterprise features. This in turn is enabling and encouraging cloud adoption from enterprise users. In many ways the definition is blurring as features like continuous operation, geo-distribution or on-demand capacity become the norm. NuoDB is involved in both building enterprise software and using enterprise cloud capabilities. In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Seth Proctor, CTO at NuoDB, Inc., will discuss the experiences from building, deploying and using enterprise services and suggest some ways to approach moving enterprise applications into a cloud model.
Aug. 20, 2014 06:45 PM EDT Reads: 2,175
Until recently, many organizations required specialized departments to perform mapping and geospatial analysis, and they used Esri on-premise solutions for that work. In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Dave Peters, author of the Esri Press book Building a GIS, System Architecture Design Strategies for Managers, will discuss how Esri has successfully included the cloud as a fully integrated SaaS expansion of the ArcGIS mapping platform. Organizations that have incorporated Esri cloud-based applications and content within their business models are reaping huge benefits by directly leveraging cloud-based mapping and analysis capabilities within their existing enterprise investments. The ArcGIS mapping platform includes cloud-based content management and information resources to more widely, efficiently, and affordably deliver real-time actionable information and analysis capabilities to your organization.
Aug. 20, 2014 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,271
In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Mark Hinkle, Senior Director, Open Source Solutions at Citrix Systems Inc., will provide overview of the open source software that can be used to deploy and manage a cloud computing environment. He will include information on storage, networking(e.g., OpenDaylight) and compute virtualization (Xen, KVM, LXC) and the orchestration(Apache CloudStack, OpenStack) of the three to build their own cloud services. Speaker Bio: Mark Hinkle is the Senior Director, Open Source Solutions, at Citrix Systems Inc. He joined Citrix as a result of their July 2011 acquisition of Cloud.com where he was their Vice President of Community. He is currently responsible for Citrix open source efforts around the open source cloud computing platform, Apache CloudStack and the Xen Hypervisor. Previously he was the VP of Community at Zenoss Inc., a producer of the open source application, server, and network management software, where he grew the Zenoss Core project to over 10...
Aug. 17, 2014 06:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,987
Almost everyone sees the potential of Internet of Things but how can businesses truly unlock that potential. The key will be in the ability to discover business insight in the midst of an ocean of Big Data generated from billions of embedded devices via Systems of Discover. Businesses will also need to ensure that they can sustain that insight by leveraging the cloud for global reach, scale and elasticity. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Mac Devine, Distinguished Engineer at IBM, will discuss bringing these three elements together via Systems of Discover.
Aug. 17, 2014 02:30 PM EDT Reads: 3,095
Cloud and Big Data present unique dilemmas: embracing the benefits of these new technologies while maintaining the security of your organization’s assets. When an outside party owns, controls and manages your infrastructure and computational resources, how can you be assured that sensitive data remains private and secure? How do you best protect data in mixed use cloud and big data infrastructure sets? Can you still satisfy the full range of reporting, compliance and regulatory requirements? In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Derek Tumulak, Vice President of Product Management at Vormetric, will discuss how to address data security in cloud and Big Data environments so that your organization isn’t next week’s data breach headline.
Aug. 16, 2014 07:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,661
The cloud is everywhere and growing, and with it SaaS has become an accepted means for software delivery. SaaS is more than just a technology, it is a thriving business model estimated to be worth around $53 billion dollars by 2015, according to IDC. The question is – how do you build and scale a profitable SaaS business model? In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Jason Cumberland, Vice President, SaaS Solutions at Dimension Data, will give the audience an understanding of common mistakes businesses make when transitioning to SaaS; how to avoid them; and how to build a profitable and scalable SaaS business.
Aug. 16, 2014 01:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,296
SYS-CON Events announced today that Gridstore™, the leader in software-defined storage (SDS) purpose-built for Windows Servers and Hyper-V, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Gridstore™ is the leader in software-defined storage purpose built for virtualization that is designed to accelerate applications in virtualized environments. Using its patented Server-Side Virtual Controller™ Technology (SVCT) to eliminate the I/O blender effect and accelerate applications Gridstore delivers vmOptimized™ Storage that self-optimizes to each application or VM across both virtual and physical environments. Leveraging a grid architecture, Gridstore delivers the first end-to-end storage QoS to ensure the most important App or VM performance is never compromised. The storage grid, that uses Gridstore’s performance optimized nodes or capacity optimized nodes, starts with as few a...
Aug. 15, 2014 06:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,553
SYS-CON Events announced today that Solgenia, the global market leader in Cloud Collaboration and Cloud Infrastructure software solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Solgenia is the global market leader in Cloud Collaboration and Cloud Infrastructure software solutions. Designed to “Bridge the Gap” between personal and professional social, mobile and cloud user experiences, our solutions help large and medium-sized organizations dramatically improve productivity, reduce collaboration costs, and increase the overall enterprise value by bringing collaboration and infrastructure solutions to the cloud.
Aug. 15, 2014 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,555
Cloud computing started a technology revolution; now DevOps is driving that revolution forward. By enabling new approaches to service delivery, cloud and DevOps together are delivering even greater speed, agility, and efficiency. No wonder leading innovators are adopting DevOps and cloud together! In his session at DevOps Summit, Andi Mann, Vice President of Strategic Solutions at CA Technologies, will explore the synergies in these two approaches, with practical tips, techniques, research data, war stories, case studies, and recommendations.
Aug. 13, 2014 09:45 PM EDT Reads: 2,465
Enterprises require the performance, agility and on-demand access of the public cloud, and the management, security and compatibility of the private cloud. The solution? In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Simone Brunozzi, VP and Chief Technologist(global role) for VMware, will explore how to unlock the power of the hybrid cloud and the steps to get there. He'll discuss the challenges that conventional approaches to both public and private cloud computing, and outline the tough decisions that must be made to accelerate the journey to the hybrid cloud. As part of the transition, an Infrastructure-as-a-Service model will enable enterprise IT to build services beyond their data center while owning what gets moved, when to move it, and for how long. IT can then move forward on what matters most to the organization that it supports – availability, agility and efficiency.
Aug. 12, 2014 10:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,686
Every healthy ecosystem is diverse. This is especially true in cloud ecosystems, where portability and interoperability are more important than old enterprise models of proprietary ownership. In his session at 15th Cloud Expo, Mark Baker, Server Product Manager at Canonical/Ubuntu, will discuss how single vendors used to take the lead in creating and delivering technology, but in a cloud economy, where users want tools of their preference, when and where they need them, it makes no sense.
Aug. 11, 2014 02:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,569
The 15th International Cloud Expo has just expanded its conference program, to bring together Cloud Computing, APM, APIs, Security, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps and WebRTC at one location. Cloud Expo is the single show where delegates and technology vendors can meet to experience and discuss the entire world of the cloud. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to learn about the latest technology developments and solutions.
Aug. 11, 2014 07:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,351
SYS-CON Events announced today that Bsquare Corporation, a leading enabler of smart connected systems, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's Internet of @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Bsquare is a global leader of embedded software solutions. We enable smart connected systems at the device level and beyond that millions use every day and provide actionable data solutions for the growing Internet of Things (IoT) market. We empower our world-class customers with our products, services and solutions to achieve innovation and success.
Aug. 11, 2014 06:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,942
SYS-CON Events announced today that NuoDB, Inc., the leader in webscale distributed database technology, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. NuoDB was launched in 2010 by industry-renowned database architect Jim Starkey and accomplished software CEO Barry Morris to deliver a webscale distributed database management system that is specifically designed for the cloud and the modern datacenter.
Aug. 10, 2014 05:30 PM EDT Reads: 4,448
- ARM Server to Transform Cloud and Big Data to "Internet of Things"
- DevOps Summit Silicon Valley Call for Papers Now Open
- WSTA Named “Association Sponsor” of Cloud Expo Silicon Valley
- Docker + Stackato: The Perfect Workload Portability Solution
- What DevOps Can Do About Cloud's Predictable Provisioning Problem
- SaaS Represents the Commoditization of Business Function
- Rise of the Thing - Internet of Things
- My Journey to #DevOps Enlightenment
- Network Security: Is It Time to Think Like a Thief?
- WebRTC Summit Names Peter Dunkley "Summit Chair" At @ThingsExpo
- Real-Time Fraud Detection in the Cloud
- Interview: Enterprise Internet of Things with Red Hat
- ARM Server to Transform Cloud and Big Data to "Internet of Things"
- Direction for Software Developers in the Cloud
- CiRBA Executives Speaking at Key Upcoming Industry Events
- Eight Ways Cloud-Empowered HCM Solutions Are Driving Business Success
- WebRTC Summit Silicon Valley Call for Papers Now Open
- DevOps Summit Silicon Valley Call for Papers Now Open
- Top Five Best Practices for Your Application PaaS Audience
- WSTA Named “Association Sponsor” of Cloud Expo Silicon Valley
- WSO2 Guest Speakers at WSO2Con Europe 2014 Will Examine Technology Developments and Best Practices Enabling the Connected Business
- Docker + Stackato: The Perfect Workload Portability Solution
- Call for Papers for Cloud Expo 2014 Silicon Valley Opens
- Powering the Mobile Enterprise
- The Top 150 Players in Cloud Computing
- What is Cloud Computing?
- Six Benefits of Cloud Computing
- The Top 250 Players in the Cloud Computing Ecosystem
- Twenty-One Experts Define Cloud Computing
- What's the Difference Between Cloud Computing and SaaS?
- A Brief History of Cloud Computing: Is the Cloud There Yet?
- The Future of Cloud Computing
- Cloud Computing Expo 2009 West: Call for Papers Now Closed
- Cloud People: A Who's Who of Cloud Computing
- Virtualization Conference Keynote Webcast Live on SYS-CON.TV
- Ulitzer Names the World's 30 Most Influential Cloud Computing Bloggers