|By Irfan Khan||
|December 13, 2009 07:00 PM EST||
Doing more with less is a familiar refrain for IT professionals, and today's challenging business environment has only increased the pressure on managers to achieve efficiencies, maximize performance and improve responsiveness of the data center. More and more frequently, IT is turning to virtualization to accomplish its mission-critical goals.
The hot new trend in cloud computing is a natural extension of this drive toward virtualization. In the case of the public cloud, IT can add processing power and infrastructure as needed, and in the case of the private cloud, IT can improve the utilization of existing infrastructure. In other words, cloud computing platforms offer IT the opportunity to increase efficiencies and become more agile, transforming the data center into an environment that delivers greater benefits to end-users.
This tremendous potential of cloud computing can be seen by examining how organizations currently manage, analyze and mobilize data. Cloud has given IT organizations the opportunity to fundamentally shift the way data is created, processed and shared.
In order to take advantage of cloud computing for data management, IT must familiarize itself with the latest issues and trends. This requires a greater understanding of each of the three prominent cloud models - private, public and hybrid - along with proper evaluation of the criteria around a cloud strategy.
Cloud Gazing: Three Prominent Models
Much like those ubiquitous, puffy white masses of water vapor in our stratosphere, each of the prominent cloud computing models has its own unique qualities and benefits. The type of cloud strategy an organization chooses will depend on the specific issues they are addressing.
For IT organizations operating a virtual data center environment, private or internal cloud may offer important advantages. An internal cloud is an effective way to boost productivity while providing users a certain level of self-sufficiency. Such a cloud deployment also mitigates the need to purchase new systems. Through virtualization and cloud infrastructure, users can self-provision a virtual machine on the cloud environment, which can easily be expanded or contracted as a given project reaches fruition. By first developing tools to handle life cycle management of virtual machines, a user can request a virtual machine using a menu to specify resource requirements (CPUs, memory, storage), operating system details, lease period and other miscellaneous configuration information.
An internal cloud can provide critical efficiencies by avoiding data center expansion, faster provisioning of server capacity, faster upgrades of memory, CPU and storage, improved reliability, and business continuity/disaster recovery improvements. Case in point, a major financial services provider recently turned their compute backbone into an internal cloud with a focus on providing a platform to host virtual desktops. The company found that it is easier to share infrastructure with the computational jobs which run after the local trading day ends so there is a nice segregation of "jobs" in the local data center. Additionally, this solution has proven to deliver faster ROI.
Intense interest in public or external cloud strategies is being fueled by the potential for improved efficiencies, flexible and dynamic environments, on-demand infrastructure and smaller maintenance requirements. External cloud services offer the potential for improved business agility, better scalability and versatility. An example of this can be found with one of the world's leading electronic stock exchanges, who turned to an external cloud provider in order to enable brokerage firms to show customers and regulators that best-execution requirements were met for a given trade. An application was written to upload data for every stock in files representing ten-minute increments of trading data based on data from the major exchanges. This allows an accurate reconstruction of the trade environment without having to build out an internal storage infrastructure strictly for emulation (or testing) purposes. A further benefit of this cloud deployment has been the flexibility of pay-as-you-go pricing.
In today's challenging economy, with IT increasingly finding itself strapped for resources, external cloud services are proving to be an effective means for lowering upfront costs and reducing the workload on overburdened IT staff.
Experts agree that the hybrid cloud environment, a mix of in-house and outsourced computing and networking resources, will be a leading choice for enterprises in the near term. The hybrid model offers the greatest flexibility when dealing with the dynamic data requirements of most businesses today.
Regardless of the model, cloud computing is proving to be highly attractive because of its dynamic infrastructure, ability to support any application and operating system, accessibility via Internet protocols, automatic scalability and the fact that no software or hardware installation is required on site. Additional benefits for end-users include the:
- ability to shift resources from undifferentiated heavy lifting to differentiated value creation,
- abstraction from infrastructure,
- "pay for what you use" approach and
- adaptability to resource requirements
As a result, cloud computing is fast becoming an important tool in the IT arsenal.
Cloud Potential: Classes of Applications Deserving of Deployment
At present, cloud isn't for everyone. In those cases where the most stringent privacy and security policies are in place, a public cloud offering may not meet the regulations needed by IT. Conversely, applications that readily lend themselves to cloud are ones in which the user interface is easily presented in a Web browser and where time sensitivity isn't an issue, such as sales force automation or customer relationship management.
Some classes of applications in use today that might not appear to be obvious cloud candidates will in fact be deployed to the cloud in the near future. Increasingly, we are seeing more functions of data management and data analytics being moved to cloud environments with great success.
One such class of applications is database management systems. For organizations with large databases and high transaction volumes, cloud enables a measure of strategic agility that can meet today's enterprise needs. Sybase Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is a prime example of a mission-critical data management system that allows IT to get a handle on exploding information demands. This application provides access and control over data, transforming information into a vital, accessible and decisive mission asset made all the more effective when utilized in cloud.
As organizations employ larger data warehouses for purposes ranging from standard reporting to strategic business analytics, complex event processing and deep-dive data mining, the need for performance will continue to outpace the capabilities of traditional relational databases. Cloud computing offers IT a powerful means for meeting the performance and scalability requirements of the enterprise data warehouse. With large-scale systems continuing to expand, alternate approaches to support standard reporting, analysis, and power-user ad hoc queries will become increasingly established as the platforms of choice for very large database systems.
As with other cloud environments, analytics in the cloud benefit end-users by offering a pay-as-you-go model and adaptable resource requirements that free up IT from the need to purchase additional hardware and going through the extensive procurement process.
In order to satisfy the rapidly expanding need for analytical performance, Sybase offers a solution well suited to exploit the benefits of cloud. Sybase IQ takes an alternate database approach, storing data oriented by columns instead of rows. This approach has proven superior in sustaining the performance and rapid growth requirements of analytical applications and, when combined with cloud computing, offers significant advantages. The column-oriented methodology provides a combination of architectural simplicity and the ability to configure data in a way that can reduce the physical amount of data that must be accessed. Reducing the storage footprint while optimizing column access will reduce data access latency and improve use of network bandwidth, thereby contributing to a scalable environment that continues to provide consistently high performance as data volumes, number of users and number of queries increase.
With a growing trend toward mobility in the workforce, IT faces increased demand for access to mobilized applications. Managing data and exchange technologies can place significant demands on IT, necessitating regular onsite maintenance of mobile devices. Cloud offers IT the scalability, flexibility, performance and responsiveness needed to deploy and manage mobile applications. For example, Sybase SQL Anywhere provides data management and data exchange technologies that enable the rapid development and deployment of database-powered applications. Design and management tools within SQL Anywhere enable IT to implement and deploy mobile applications, while also easily providing support.
For one major telecommunications provider, cloud computing is key in offering Web-interfaced applications hosted and deployed in a managed service (SaaS) model. This company leverages Sybase's Afaria solution, which provides comprehensive management and security capabilities to ensure that mobile data and devices are up-to-date, reliable and secure. The provisioning and scalability advantages of cloud make it possible for the company to offer an integrated suite of managed mobility applications for their customers that can be contracted individually or in combination. Afaria enables the company to offer its hosted applications, and assist customers in managing the deployment, expenses and ongoing support to a global mobile workforce without technical complexity and security risks.
Cloud computing can enable IT to more effectively handle the wide ranging database requirements of mobile workers, while minimizing the impact on end-users, thus allowing them to focus on the work at hand rather than getting bogged down with the technology.
There are numerous considerations IT should take into account when pursing a data center cloud strategy. These range from security and compliance requirements to the need for a rich user interface, effective management and control, and the need to establish standards, provide support and improve performance.
In the case of multi-tenant applications, IT must consider the separation of data from a security, privacy, and compliance perspective. Data that is bound by strict privacy regulations, such as medical information covered by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), will require that tenants log in, after which they are then routed directly to their own secure database server. In this way, data remains separate and secure, and in compliance with government privacy mandates.
Another factor IT must consider is the implication of application performance on end users. If one tenant is running a large, complex report, overall performance on the database server can be slowed. IT must gauge the sensitivity of other users to such performance issues and factor this into decisions regarding external cloud providers as well as internal cloud initiatives
In terms of choosing cloud schema, IT can establish a single database on the server with separate schemas, allowing one tenant to employ a set of tables within the database while another tenant is able to utilize a different set of tables within that same database. In this scenario, the cost of provisioning is lower, but there is a trade-off in performance and data isolation. A second option is to employ shared schema where all tenants' data is contained in the same table. Each tenant has a column in the table, making this option more cost effective to provision, however application development becomes more complex.
Operational Considerations of Cloud
When hosting data in the cloud, IT must take various operational considerations into account. These considerations should include how backups will be performed and how often data will be backed up. Additional operational details, such as the existence of offsite storage and the robustness of disaster recovery protocols should be examined.
A further consideration IT should take into account as cloud computing gains wider acceptance is the ability for users to access the data center from both desktop and mobile environments. When considering mobile access, IT must evaluate technical considerations, such as how users will traverse an organization's firewall. Existing security requirements around data, and the ability to synchronize that data to mobile devices when appropriate, clearly add to the complexity of cloud deployment. Areas such as these should be top of mind for IT as they move forward.
The Sky Is the Limit With Cloud
As IT seeks to maximize the efficiency, performance and responsiveness of the data center, virtualization and cloud computing are providing important new tools to meet mission-critical goals. Cloud is opening the door for IT to get the most out of vital processing power and infrastructure.
The tremendous potential of cloud computing is fundamentally shifting the way data is created, processed and shared. Currently, the most prominent cloud models, private, public and hybrid, are transforming the data center into an environment that delivers significant benefits to end-users, in how they access and manage data.
As new strategies evolve and more classes of applications become viable in the cloud, IT has the opportunity to dramatically improve the agility, flexibility, performance and efficiency of data centers which, in turn, will ultimately lead to bottom-line organizational success.
The IoTs will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, will demonstrate how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and share the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the development proc...
May. 5, 2016 10:15 AM EDT Reads: 976
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, will provide tips on how to be successful in large scale machine lear...
May. 5, 2016 10:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,544
Increasing IoT connectivity is forcing enterprises to find elegant solutions to organize and visualize all incoming data from these connected devices with re-configurable dashboard widgets to effectively allow rapid decision-making for everything from immediate actions in tactical situations to strategic analysis and reporting. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Shikhir Singh, Senior Developer Relations Manager at Sencha, will discuss how to create HTML5 dashboards that interact with IoT devic...
May. 5, 2016 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,443
Artificial Intelligence has the potential to massively disrupt IoT. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, AJ Abdallat, CEO of Beyond AI, will discuss what the five main drivers are in Artificial Intelligence that could shape the future of the Internet of Things. AJ Abdallat is CEO of Beyond AI. He has over 20 years of management experience in the fields of artificial intelligence, sensors, instruments, devices and software for telecommunications, life sciences, environmental monitoring, process...
May. 5, 2016 09:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,450
You think you know what’s in your data. But do you? Most organizations are now aware of the business intelligence represented by their data. Data science stands to take this to a level you never thought of – literally. The techniques of data science, when used with the capabilities of Big Data technologies, can make connections you had not yet imagined, helping you discover new insights and ask new questions of your data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sarbjit Sarkaria, data science team lead ...
May. 5, 2016 09:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,246
Much of the value of DevOps comes from a (renewed) focus on measurement, sharing, and continuous feedback loops. In increasingly complex DevOps workflows and environments, and especially in larger, regulated, or more crystallized organizations, these core concepts become even more critical. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 18th Cloud Expo, Andi Mann, Chief Technology Advocate at Splunk, will show how, by focusing on 'metrics that matter,' you can provide objective, transparent, and meaningfu...
May. 5, 2016 09:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,160
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ericsson has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Ericsson is a world leader in the rapidly changing environment of communications technology – providing equipment, software and services to enable transformation through mobility. Some 40 percent of global mobile traffic runs through networks we have supplied. More than 1 billion subscribers around the world re...
May. 5, 2016 08:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,372
In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Sagi Brody, Chief Technology Officer at Webair Internet Development Inc., will focus on real world deployments of DDoS mitigation strategies in every layer of the network. He will give an overview of methods to prevent these attacks and best practices on how to provide protection in complex cloud platforms. He will also outline what we have found in our experience managing and running thousands of Linux and Unix managed service platforms and what specifically c...
May. 5, 2016 03:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,348
Redis is not only the fastest database, but it has become the most popular among the new wave of applications running in containers. Redis speeds up just about every data interaction between your users or operational systems. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Dave Nielsen, Developer Relations at Redis Labs, will shares the functions and data structures used to solve everyday use cases that are driving Redis' popularity.
May. 5, 2016 01:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,250
Many private cloud projects were built to deliver self-service access to development and test resources. While those clouds delivered faster access to resources, they lacked visibility, control and security needed for production deployments. In their session at 18th Cloud Expo, Steve Anderson, Product Manager at BMC Software, and Rick Lefort, Principal Technical Marketing Consultant at BMC Software, will discuss how a cloud designed for production operations not only helps accelerate developer...
May. 5, 2016 01:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,335
The increasing popularity of the Internet of Things necessitates that our physical and cognitive relationship with wearable technology will change rapidly in the near future. This advent means logging has become a thing of the past. Before, it was on us to track our own data, but now that data is automatically available. What does this mean for mHealth and the "connected" body? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Lisa Calkins, CEO and co-founder of Amadeus Consulting, will discuss the impact of wea...
May. 5, 2016 12:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,219
Whether your IoT service is connecting cars, homes, appliances, wearable, cameras or other devices, one question hangs in the balance – how do you actually make money from this service? The ability to turn your IoT service into profit requires the ability to create a monetization strategy that is flexible, scalable and working for you in real-time. It must be a transparent, smoothly implemented strategy that all stakeholders – from customers to the board – will be able to understand and comprehe...
May. 4, 2016 11:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,280
Struggling to keep up with increasing application demand? Learn how Platform as a Service (PaaS) can streamline application development processes and make resource management easy.
May. 4, 2016 09:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,251
Up until last year, enterprises that were looking into cloud services usually undertook a long-term pilot with one of the large cloud providers, running test and dev workloads in the cloud. With cloud’s transition to mainstream adoption in 2015, and with enterprises migrating more and more workloads into the cloud and in between public and private environments, the single-provider approach must be revisited. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Yoav Mor, multi-cloud solution evangelist at Cloudy...
May. 4, 2016 07:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,716
The demand for organizations to expand their infrastructure to multiple IT environments like the cloud, on-premise, mobile, bring your own device (BYOD) and the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to grow. As this hybrid infrastructure increases, the challenge to monitor the security of these systems increases in volume and complexity. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Stephen Coty, Chief Security Evangelist at Alert Logic, will show how properly configured and managed security architecture can...
May. 4, 2016 05:15 PM EDT Reads: 503
See storage differently! Storage performance problems have only gotten worse and harder to solve as applications have become largely virtualized and moved to a cloud-based infrastructure. Storage performance in a virtualized environment is not just about IOPS, it is about how well that potential performance is guaranteed to individual VMs for these apps as the number of VMs keep going up real time. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Dhiraj Sehgal, in product and marketing at Tintri, will discu...
May. 4, 2016 03:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,092
SYS-CON Events announced today that Enzu, a leading provider of cloud hosting solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Enzu’s mission is to be the leading provider of enterprise cloud solutions worldwide. Enzu enables online businesses to use its IT infrastructure to their competitive advantage. By offering a suite of proven hosting and management services, Enzu wants companies to foc...
May. 4, 2016 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,248
SYS-CON Events announced today that Peak 10, Inc., a national IT infrastructure and cloud services provider, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Peak 10 provides reliable, tailored data center and network services, cloud and managed services. Its solutions are designed to scale and adapt to customers’ changing business needs, enabling them to lower costs, improve performance and focus inter...
May. 4, 2016 01:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,463
trust and privacy in their ecosystem. Assurance and protection of device identity, secure data encryption and authentication are the key security challenges organizations are trying to address when integrating IoT devices. This holds true for IoT applications in a wide range of industries, for example, healthcare, consumer devices, and manufacturing. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lancen LaChance, vice president of product management, IoT solutions at GlobalSign, will teach IoT developers how t...
May. 4, 2016 12:15 PM EDT Reads: 636
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.
May. 4, 2016 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,238