Welcome!

@CloudExpo Authors: Mauro Carniel, William Schmarzo, Mehdi Daoudi, Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Microservices Expo, Cloud Security

@CloudExpo: Article

RSA Conference 2011: Serious Keynotes: DoD & CyberCommand

CyberCommand, DoD and emerging threats

One thing you can say about RSA is that they have some serious people for their keynotes. Last year, Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano spoke. Earlier this week, Deputy Secretary of Defense, William J Lynn III gave a talk on the his view of the evolution of the cyber-threats. On Thursday, the NSA head and commander of the US Military’s CyberCommand talked about how cyber security is a “team sport.”

Deputy Secretary of Defense, William J Lynn III
Sec. Lynn’s talk was what you would expect to get from a Deputy Secretary of Defense. He was serious, spoke clearly and in stentorian tones. His presentation was formal and structured, and laid out the case for an expanded government presence in Cyberspace. Lynn’s first presented his threat model, which is a prioritized list of threats from least to greatest.

  1. Infiltration of our networks: This is the kind of hacking we all think of.
  2. Disruption of our networks. This includes DDOS attacks, of the kind that have been recently attributed to the group Anonymous.
  3. Destruction of our networks: This include actions which could lead to destruction of physical property and loss of life. Lynn’s argument is that we need to be prepared for this new threat.

In response to these threats Lynn mentioned that there is a new government strategy coming out shortly called Cyber 3.0. That strategy includes 5 pillars:

  1. The Defense Department should recognize that “Cyber” as Lynn said, is a threat domain as serious as air, land and sea.
  2. Network need to be equipped with “Active Defensives”, which sounds like anti-virus software on a much larger domain.
  3. The DoD needs to Ensure that critical infrastructure is protected. This includes government and financial systems,  and physical assets like the power grid.
  4. Building collective cyber-defenses with our allies. This is a marked change from the previous administrations go-it-alone approach.
  5. Marshal our technical and human resources to remain pre-eminent in in cyberspace. This included the introduction of a program akin to the cyber-security equivalent of the Civilian Conservation Corp from the 1930’s.

There was a strong suggestion that the government would be strengthening its cyber security in the coming years. However, what was notably absent from Lynn’s talk was any discussion of civil liberties.

General Keith B. Alexander, U.S. Cyber Command and National Security Agency
The opening keynote for Thursday was from General Keith B. Alexander, U.S. Cyber Command and National Security Agency/Central Security Service. He has spoken at RSA before, when he was merely the NSA Director. His talk was entitled “Active Defense and Concepts on a Secure Zone.” Many of his points were echoed in Lynn’s talk. What was different was the tone, and the substance as well.

First off, this is an Army General who has humor. He made a few wisecracks that were well received by the audience of an estimated 7000 people. Second, he believes that the US does not have to choose between Civil Liberties or

His role as head of CyberCommand is to secure the DoD networks. “We are scanned 1 Million times a day and get attacked 20,000 times a day.” Clearly, this is a big job.

Like Lyons he talked about making “cyberspace” a military theatre. Like Lynn, he talked about having “Active Defenses”, which means dynamic and adaptable defenses. He made a reference to the French attempt at thwarting German invsion in WWI via the Maginot line. This was ultimately ineffective, since Germany attacked via Belgium to the north. The point being made is that we need to adapt to an ever changing foe.

What was impressive about this talk was the General’s candor. He said “We do not have situational awareness” of what is on the Internet. This seemed to be a plea to the audience to come up with something.

Also a unique part of the speech was his call to help our schools do better in STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering and Math. That the military would make a better case of this than the civilian leader was an interesting contrast.

With all the General’s talk of cyber-security as a team sport, it could almost lead one to believe that public-private partnership in this area could be successful.

More Stories By Bill Roth

Bill Roth is a Silicon Valley veteran with over 20 years in the industry. He has played numerous product marketing, product management and engineering roles at companies like BEA, Sun, Morgan Stanley, and EBay Enterprise. He was recently named one of the World's 30 Most Influential Cloud Bloggers.

@CloudExpo Stories
"Infoblox does DNS, DHCP and IP address management for not only enterprise networks but cloud networks as well. Customers are looking for a single platform that can extend not only in their private enterprise environment but private cloud, public cloud, tracking all the IP space and everything that is going on in that environment," explained Steve Salo, Principal Systems Engineer at Infoblox, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventio...
"Cloud Academy is an enterprise training platform for the cloud, specifically public clouds. We offer guided learning experiences on AWS, Azure, Google Cloud and all the surrounding methodologies and technologies that you need to know and your teams need to know in order to leverage the full benefits of the cloud," explained Alex Brower, VP of Marketing at Cloud Academy, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clar...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Carl J. Levine, Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1, will objectively discuss how DNS is used to solve Digital Transformation challenges in large SaaS applications, CDNs, AdTech platforms, and other demanding use cases. Carl J. Levine is the Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1. A veteran of the Internet Infrastructure space, he has over a decade of experience with startups, networking protocols and Internet infrastructure, combined with the unique ability to it...
The question before companies today is not whether to become intelligent, it’s a question of how and how fast. The key is to adopt and deploy an intelligent application strategy while simultaneously preparing to scale that intelligence. In her session at 21st Cloud Expo, Sangeeta Chakraborty, Chief Customer Officer at Ayasdi, provided a tactical framework to become a truly intelligent enterprise, including how to identify the right applications for AI, how to build a Center of Excellence to oper...
"IBM is really all in on blockchain. We take a look at sort of the history of blockchain ledger technologies. It started out with bitcoin, Ethereum, and IBM evaluated these particular blockchain technologies and found they were anonymous and permissionless and that many companies were looking for permissioned blockchain," stated René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventi...
Gemini is Yahoo’s native and search advertising platform. To ensure the quality of a complex distributed system that spans multiple products and components and across various desktop websites and mobile app and web experiences – both Yahoo owned and operated and third-party syndication (supply), with complex interaction with more than a billion users and numerous advertisers globally (demand) – it becomes imperative to automate a set of end-to-end tests 24x7 to detect bugs and regression. In th...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, James Henry, Co-CEO/CTO of Calgary Scientific Inc., introduced you to the challenges, solutions and benefits of training AI systems to solve visual problems with an emphasis on improving AIs with continuous training in the field. He explored applications in several industries and discussed technologies that allow the deployment of advanced visualization solutions to the cloud.
Agile has finally jumped the technology shark, expanding outside the software world. Enterprises are now increasingly adopting Agile practices across their organizations in order to successfully navigate the disruptive waters that threaten to drown them. In our quest for establishing change as a core competency in our organizations, this business-centric notion of Agile is an essential component of Agile Digital Transformation. In the years since the publication of the Agile Manifesto, the conn...
"MobiDev is a software development company and we do complex, custom software development for everybody from entrepreneurs to large enterprises," explained Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Large industrial manufacturing organizations are adopting the agile principles of cloud software companies. The industrial manufacturing development process has not scaled over time. Now that design CAD teams are geographically distributed, centralizing their work is key. With large multi-gigabyte projects, outdated tools have stifled industrial team agility, time-to-market milestones, and impacted P&L stakeholders.
"ZeroStack is a startup in Silicon Valley. We're solving a very interesting problem around bringing public cloud convenience with private cloud control for enterprises and mid-size companies," explained Kamesh Pemmaraju, VP of Product Management at ZeroStack, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Enterprises are adopting Kubernetes to accelerate the development and the delivery of cloud-native applications. However, sharing a Kubernetes cluster between members of the same team can be challenging. And, sharing clusters across multiple teams is even harder. Kubernetes offers several constructs to help implement segmentation and isolation. However, these primitives can be complex to understand and apply. As a result, it’s becoming common for enterprises to end up with several clusters. Thi...
"Space Monkey by Vivent Smart Home is a product that is a distributed cloud-based edge storage network. Vivent Smart Home, our parent company, is a smart home provider that places a lot of hard drives across homes in North America," explained JT Olds, Director of Engineering, and Brandon Crowfeather, Product Manager, at Vivint Smart Home, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"Codigm is based on the cloud and we are here to explore marketing opportunities in America. Our mission is to make an ecosystem of the SW environment that anyone can understand, learn, teach, and develop the SW on the cloud," explained Sung Tae Ryu, CEO of Codigm, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
High-velocity engineering teams are applying not only continuous delivery processes, but also lessons in experimentation from established leaders like Amazon, Netflix, and Facebook. These companies have made experimentation a foundation for their release processes, allowing them to try out major feature releases and redesigns within smaller groups before making them broadly available. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Brian Lucas, Senior Staff Engineer at Optimizely, discussed how by using ne...
Vulnerability management is vital for large companies that need to secure containers across thousands of hosts, but many struggle to understand how exposed they are when they discover a new high security vulnerability. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, John Morello, CTO of Twistlock, addressed this pressing concern by introducing the concept of the “Vulnerability Risk Tree API,” which brings all the data together in a simple REST endpoint, allowing companies to easily grasp the severity of the ...
While some developers care passionately about how data centers and clouds are architected, for most, it is only the end result that matters. To the majority of companies, technology exists to solve a business problem, and only delivers value when it is solving that problem. 2017 brings the mainstream adoption of containers for production workloads. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ben McCormack, VP of Operations at Evernote, discussed how data centers of the future will be managed, how the p...
"NetApp is known as a data management leader but we do a lot more than just data management on-prem with the data centers of our customers. We're also big in the hybrid cloud," explained Wes Talbert, Principal Architect at NetApp, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Coca-Cola’s Google powered digital signage system lays the groundwork for a more valuable connection between Coke and its customers. Digital signs pair software with high-resolution displays so that a message can be changed instantly based on what the operator wants to communicate or sell. In their Day 3 Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Chambers, Global Group Director, Digital Innovation, Coca-Cola, and Vidya Nagarajan, a Senior Product Manager at Google, discussed how from store operations and ...
"We're focused on how to get some of the attributes that you would expect from an Amazon, Azure, Google, and doing that on-prem. We believe today that you can actually get those types of things done with certain architectures available in the market today," explained Steve Conner, VP of Sales at Cloudistics, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.