|By Michael Donovan, Erik Visnyak||
|March 1, 2011 03:30 PM EST||
In the fall of 2010, Trusted Computing Group announced the Trusted Multi-tenant Infrastructure (TMI) Work Group to address cloud computing security and the role of trust in that security. Last week, the work group released the first in a series of use cases (http://www.trustedcomputinggroup.org/developers/trusted_multitenant_infr...) and plans to deliver a reference framework later in 2011. With so much hype and confusion around the topic of cloud computing, we thought it might be useful to ask the co-chairs - Michael Donovan, HP, and Erik Visnyak, BAE Systems - of the TMI Work Group a few questions about their group's efforts.
Q. What role does Trusted Computing Group have in helping secure cloud services?
Michael Donovan & Erik Visnyak: Securing the cloud is a multidisciplinary challenge, as cloud computing can be thought of as a different way to deliver and use all of the same types of information technology we use today. The TCG was established to define standards and practices for building trusted infrastructure that will consistently behave in specific ways, and those behaviors will be enforced by hardware and software when the owner of those systems enables these technologies. The ability of trusted infrastructures to provide integrity measurements and attest to their state provides a key foundation for enabling trust in infrastructure platforms in the cloud, where the consumer does not have direct physical access to those resources. The ability to design, build and consume services delivered from a trustworthy infrastructure where providers and consumers of services can measure and attest to the configuration, state and behavior of platforms is the value of the TCG standards within the cloud ecosystem.
Q. Your work group has a long name. What does it mean?
Donovan & Visnyak: TMI stands for Trusted Multi-Tenant Infrastructure. We wanted to select a name that properly represents delivering trusted operations and configuration/state validation to a multi-tenant infrastructure such as Cloud Computing.
Trust is the degree to which one party will rely on the assertions or information provided by another. Without the ability for an infrastructure consumer to rely on the information and services from a provider, there is likely to be little market for outsourcing of IT platforms and services. Establishing a trusted context for the providers and consumers of shared infrastructure is a key component of the reference framework under development by TMI.
Multi-tenancy is the ability for multiple unrelated consumers to share infrastructure from a common provider. If consumers were not able to share infrastructure within reasonable constraints, the cost of outsourced services would not be competitive with traditional models. This ability to provision as much or as little of a resource as a consumer needs at a fair price is at the heart of cloud computing.
Infrastructure defines the scope of work for the TMI work group. While the principles and reference model may have applicability to other parts of the cloud ecosystem, the TMI focus is clearly focused on developing reference models and best practices for design, build and consume trusted multi-tenant infrastructure platforms.
Q. How is what you are doing different from what CSA and other orgs have done or are doing?
Donovan & Visnyak: Many traditional IT standards bodies are working to apply their existent standards efforts to the cloud computing ecosystem. Some, such as DMTF, are focused on systems management and definition of physical and virtual resources, such as the Open Virtual Machine (OVF) definition for virtual machines. Newly formed organizations, such as CSA, focus on mitigating threats and risks within cloud computing by proposing best practices and link to specific security requirements for public and private sectors. As cloud potentially encompasses much of the existing IT landscape, each of these organizations has a valid role to play.
The TCG TMI work group is focused on standards-based approaches to trusted infrastructure. We intend to iteratively publish a library of use cases, deployment patterns, best practices and compliance testing to support the ability of infrastructure providers and consumers to make effective use of shared multitenant infrastructures.
TMI is identifying how standards can be used to implement trusted infrastructures as well as identifying any potential gaps. TMI will provide implementation guidance to both consumers and providers as to how standards address concerns within cloud computing and how they may be leveraged to create a trusted shared infrastructure environment.
Q. Your use cases mention "trust" a number of times. What exactly does "trust" mean for multi-tenant infrastructure?
Donovan & Visnyak: Trust is the degree to which one party will rely on the assertions or information provided by another. Without the ability for an infrastructure consumer to rely on the information and services from a provider, there is likely to be little market for outsourcing of IT platforms and services. Establishing a trusted context for the providers and consumers of shared infrastructure is a key component of the reference framework under development by TMI.
Trust enables the ability to apply policy and to guarantee that access controls within policies are adhered to in order to supply reliable logical isolation, guaranteed compliance, and continuous policy compliance monitoring within a multi-tenant environment. This allows the various consumers to trust that providers are meeting their concerns and housing their resources in a trusted fashion.
Q. Do you see other TCG specifications such as the TPM or TNC playing a role in a "trusted" cloud? If we have a bunch of PCs with TPMs, for example, can they be used in a multi-tenant infrastructure?
Donovan & Visnyak: The existing TCG standards provide a critical set of foundational services for establishing trust, exchanging information in a trusted context, enforcing policy, binding together and verifying the trusted state of infrastructure components. Without these core standards, it is unlikely we would be able to achieve the level of trust and compliance we see as critical to the ability of consumers to trust and effectively use cloud computing for core business functions.
TPM provides the ability to attest to a secure state that moves beyond software into the hardware of the infrastructure providing another level of security to assure that integrity and confidentiality of resources within the TMI are maintained. TNC delivers monitoring of the secure state of TMI resources and utilizes policy enforcement to monitor data exchanges between resources within the TMI to ensure policy compliance.
The TMI working group intends to work with these key TCG standards working groups as well as those from other standards bodies to ensure that the business and mission goals of cloud consumers can be met in a secure trusted context.
Q. Why are you publishing use cases and what are they for?
Donovan & Visnyak: We are utilizing these use cases to describe the context and relationships between components in a trusted infrastructure. The first set of use cases are very narrow in scope and cover some of the key relationships necessary to establish and manage a trusted multi-tenant, multi-provider environment. Later use cases and scenarios will expand on this work and include scenarios putting these lower level use cases into business context.
The use cases are utilized to derive the elements of the reference framework and other downstream specifications. They define the parties, interface interactions and relationships between them to assist in scoping and validating the usage patterns and requirements included in the reference framework. The use cases allow the TMI to begin identifying various security requirements necessary for a TMI and begin the process of identifying standards within industry that map directly to use cases and implementation patterns.
Q. What else will you be doing?
Donovan & Visnyak: The next things you should see from TMI are aligned to the following path (in addition to presentations and white papers):
- Use cases (initial set delivered)
- Reference framework (high-level requirements and usage pattern library derived from initial use cases)
- Patterns describe re-usable approaches to meeting the requirements derived from the use cases
- Patterns are aligned to implementation standards for evaluation of tools and services
- Implementation guidance (core guidance on how to use the patterns to build a trusted multi-tenant infrastructure)
- Includes variants based upon general levels of trust, separation and security
- Framework compliance test suite (guidance and (possibly) test harnesses for verification of compliance to TMI implementation patterns and standards)
- Specification development strategy (if gaps are identified in the standards ecosystem necessary to achieve TMI compliance, a plan to address with the relevant bodies)
- Industry profiles (implementation guidance, test suites and standards alignment targeted at specific industry solutions i.e. defense, PCI-DSS, HIPAA and others)
We plan to continue iterative development of our reference implementation patterns that are repeatable interactions and behaviors that can be implemented by utilizing industry standards that allow for TMI. As patterns are developed we will engage appropriate standards bodies to see how the technology can apply to the implementation standards as well as its corresponding use cases.
• • •
Updates to the TMI Work Group will be available online at TCG's website, www.trustedcomputinggroup.org.
As the world moves towards more DevOps and microservices, application deployment to the cloud ought to become a lot simpler. The microservices architecture, which is the basis of many new age distributed systems such as OpenStack, NetFlix and so on, is at the heart of Cloud Foundry - a complete developer-oriented Platform as a Service (PaaS) that is IaaS agnostic and supports vCloud, OpenStack and AWS. In his session at 17th Cloud Expo, Raghavan "Rags" Srinivas, an Architect/Developer Evangeli...
Oct. 6, 2015 12:15 PM EDT
SYS-CON Events announced today that VividCortex, the monitoring solution for the modern data system, will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. The database is the heart of most applications, but it’s also the part that’s hardest to scale, monitor, and optimize even as it’s growing 50% year over year. VividCortex is the first unified suite of database monitoring tools specifically desi...
Oct. 6, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 408
Organizations already struggle with the simple collection of data resulting from the proliferation of IoT, lacking the right infrastructure to manage it. They can't only rely on the cloud to collect and utilize this data because many applications still require dedicated infrastructure for security, redundancy, performance, etc. In his session at 17th Cloud Expo, Emil Sayegh, CEO of Codero Hosting, will discuss how in order to resolve the inherent issues, companies need to combine dedicated a...
Oct. 6, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 434
Secure Cloud through Automated Compliance | @CloudExpo @CloudRaxak #Cloud #BigData #DevOps #Microservices
Cloud computing delivers on-demand resources that provide businesses with flexibility and cost-savings. The challenge in moving workloads to the cloud has been the cost and complexity of ensuring the initial and ongoing security and regulatory (PCI, HIPAA, FFIEC) compliance across private and public clouds. Manual security compliance is slow, prone to human error, and represents over 50% of the cost of managing cloud applications. Determining how to automate cloud security compliance is critical...
Oct. 6, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 242
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan, Chief Architect at CTS, will explore the synergy of Big Data and IoT. First he will take a closer look at the Internet of Things and Big Data individually, in terms of what, which, why, where, when, who, how and how much. Then he will explore the relationship between IoT and Big Data. Specifically, he will drill down to how the 4Vs aspects intersect with IoT: Volume, Variety, Velocity and Value. In turn, Tony will analyze how the key components of IoT ...
Oct. 6, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 277
When it comes to IoT in the enterprise, namely the commercial building and hospitality markets, a benefit not getting the attention it deserves is energy efficiency, and IoT’s direct impact on a cleaner, greener environment when installed in smart buildings. Until now clean technology was offered piecemeal and led with point solutions that require significant systems integration to orchestrate and deploy. There didn't exist a 'top down' approach that can manage and monitor the way a Smart Buildi...
Oct. 6, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 227
SYS-CON Events announced today that G2G3 will exhibit at SYS-CON's @DevOpsSummit Silicon Valley, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Based on a collective appreciation for user experience, design, and technology, G2G3 is uniquely qualified and motivated to redefine how organizations and people engage in an increasingly digital world.
Oct. 6, 2015 11:15 AM EDT Reads: 273
As-a-service models offer huge opportunities, but also complicate security. It may seem that the easiest way to migrate to a new architectural model is to let others, experts in their field, do the work. This has given rise to many as-a-service models throughout the industry and across the entire technology stack, from software to infrastructure. While this has unlocked huge opportunities to accelerate the deployment of new capabilities or increase economic efficiencies within an organization, i...
Oct. 6, 2015 11:14 AM EDT
Culture is the most important ingredient of DevOps. The challenge for most organizations is defining and communicating a vision of beneficial DevOps culture for their organizations, and then facilitating the changes needed to achieve that. Often this comes down to an ability to provide true leadership. As a CIO, are your direct reports IT managers or are they IT leaders? The hard truth is that many IT managers have risen through the ranks based on their technical skills, not their leadership ab...
Oct. 6, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 846
Learn how Backup as a Service can help your customer base protect their data. In his session at 17th Cloud Expo, Stefaan Vervaet, Director of Strategic Alliances at HGST, will discuss the challenges of data protection in an era of exploding storage requirements, show you the benefits of a backup service for your cloud customers, and explain how the HGST Active Archive and CommVault are already enabling this service today with customer examples.
Oct. 6, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 680
SYS-CON Events announced today that Key Information Systems, Inc. (KeyInfo), a leading cloud and infrastructure provider offering integrated solutions to enterprises, will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Key Information Systems is a leading regional systems integrator with world-class compute, storage and networking solutions and professional services for the most advanced softwa...
Oct. 6, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 318
Apps and devices shouldn't stop working when there's limited or no network connectivity. Learn how to bring data stored in a cloud database to the edge of the network (and back again) whenever an Internet connection is available. In his session at 17th Cloud Expo, Bradley Holt, Developer Advocate at IBM Cloud Data Services, will demonstrate techniques for replicating cloud databases with devices in order to build offline-first mobile or Internet of Things (IoT) apps that can provide a better, ...
Oct. 6, 2015 10:45 AM EDT Reads: 442
Cloud Foundry open Platform as a Service makes it easy to operate, scale and deploy application for your dedicated cloud environments. It enables developers and operators to be significantly more agile, writing great applications and deliver them in days instead of months. Cloud Foundry takes care of all the infrastructure and network plumbing that you need to build, run and operate your applications and can do this while patching and updating systems and services without any downtime.
Oct. 6, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 4,417
SYS-CON Events announced today that Interface Masters Technologies, provider of leading network visibility and monitoring solutions, will exhibit at the 17th International CloudExpo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Interface Masters Technologies is a leading provider of high speed networking solutions focused on Gigabit, 10 Gigabit, 40 Gigabit and 100 Gigabit Ethernet network access and connectivity products. For over 20 ye...
Oct. 6, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 664
Redis is not only the fastest database, but it has become the most popular among the new wave of applications running in containers. Redis speeds up just about every data interaction between your users or operational systems. In his session at 17th Cloud Expo, Dave Nielsen, Developer Relations at Redis Labs, will share the functions and data structures used to solve everyday use cases that are driving Redis' popularity
Oct. 6, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 405
For almost two decades, businesses have discovered great opportunities to engage with customers and even expand revenue through digital systems, including web and mobile applications. Yet, even now, the conversation between the business and the technologists that deliver these systems is strained, in large part due to misaligned objectives. In his session at DevOps Summit, James Urquhart, Senior Vice President of Performance Analytics at SOASTA, Inc., will discuss how measuring user outcomes –...
Oct. 6, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 319
SYS-CON Events announced today that Secure Infrastructure & Services will exhibit at SYS-CON's 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Secure Infrastructure & Services (SIAS) is a managed services provider of cloud computing solutions for the IBM Power Systems market. The company helps mid-market firms built on IBM hardware platforms to deploy new levels of reliable and cost-effective computing and hig...
Oct. 6, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 772
SYS-CON Events announced today that Harbinger Systems will exhibit at SYS-CON's 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Harbinger Systems is a global company providing software technology services. Since 1990, Harbinger has developed a strong customer base worldwide. Its customers include software product companies ranging from hi-tech start-ups in Silicon Valley to leading product companies in the US a...
Oct. 6, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 753
As more and more data is generated from a variety of connected devices, the need to get insights from this data and predict future behavior and trends is increasingly essential for businesses. Real-time stream processing is needed in a variety of different industries such as Manufacturing, Oil and Gas, Automobile, Finance, Online Retail, Smart Grids, and Healthcare. Azure Stream Analytics is a fully managed distributed stream computation service that provides low latency, scalable processing of ...
Oct. 6, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 734
SYS-CON Events announced today that DataClear Inc. will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. The DataClear ‘BlackBox’ is the only solution that moves your PC, browsing and data out of the United States and away from prying (and spying) eyes. Its solution automatically builds you a clean, on-demand, virus free, new virtual cloud based PC outside of the United States, and wipes it clean...
Oct. 6, 2015 09:00 AM EDT Reads: 551