Welcome!

@CloudExpo Authors: William Schmarzo, Elizabeth White, Mauro Carniel, John Worthington, Pat Romanski

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Microservices Expo

@CloudExpo: Blog Post

Five Mistakes to Avoid in Enterprise Cloud Adoption

Enabling success for cloud projects

Enterprise Cloud Adoption
It's clear that since 2012 we have started to see serious attempts by enterprises to adopt cloud. What was seen as pilot projects or workshops in earlier years is now seen as production implementation projects on cloud. The cloud adoption takes various forms in the enterprises.

  • SaaS -probably is seeing the highest adoption with some maturity and best practices in the areas of CRM, HRMS, etc.
  • IaaS - definitely finding place in development, test and preproduction environments
  • PaaS - while it has high potential, due to interoperability concerns and skill needs the adoption still at a relatively low level.

While the adoption is a good sign, it also brings with it the risks as some of the early cloud projects have started to fail. Up until now we have only hear good things about Cloud, but now we are getting data on how Cloud did not lived up to expectations. This kind of information may create fear, uncertainty and doubt in the minds of enterprises. However enterprises should do a careful analysis of any perceived failures of Cloud projects, rather than simply blaming it on the Cloud as a concept.

Most of the good transformation initiatives always find their resistance in the past, and Cloud is no exception. Enterprises should analyze whether any negative perception about a Cloud project true or is due to resistance from a few. However, for cloud integrators to avoid risks, the following points needs to be considered.

Here is a summary of the common mistakes to avoid during migration of on-premise platforms and applications to cloud.

1. Cloud Migration Team Does Not Understand the Legacy Data Model and Flow
But for few applications like provisioning infrastructure or email, collaboration solutions, any cloud implementation is bound to have lot of integration with existing on-premise applications. Cloud migration specialists ensure that they understand the underlying legacy data models and process flow of on-premise applications. In the absence of it migration of cloud is bound to fail, because the business will never get what they wanted.

2. Business Not Involving IT
Various studies suggest that business is adopting cloud faster than IT. The ability to meet their time-to-market demands and not waiting for the IT team to deliver results has pushed business to adopt Cloud at much faster rate. Though this is one of the most desirable outcomes of the ‘Commoditization of IT,' in a few cases businesses tend to ignore the traditional nonfunctional aspects of a cloud solution and traditional IT is better at analyzing the nonfunctional needs ahead of the time. By not involving IT, businesses are sometimes not able to differentiate between the marketing claims with the actual implementation scenarios.

3. Not Choosing a Proper Deployment Model
Most cloud solutions have multiple deployment models, for example, popular cloud solutions have the following deployment models.

  • Full cloud implementation, where the entire solution runs on the cloud
  • Full on-premise implementation where most cloud solutions have packaged into a ‘Cloud in a Box' concept in the form of an appliance, which can fully run on-premise on a private cloud
  • Hybrid implementation which is about keeping part of the solution on cloud and part On Premise.

As evident it's not always easy to tell which option is good for a cloud migration and each application characteristic isdifferent and can suit an appropriate deployment model. Sometimes the failure of a cloud migration is not really about the product or the concept but rather about not choosing a correct deployment model.

4. Choosing Cloud for the Wrong Reasons
Cloud migration should be well-thought-out as part of enterprise wide strategy, such that each stakeholder is clearly instructed about the benefits of cloud and where it fits into the overall enterprise IT strategy. If the stakeholders are not fully educated about the benefits of cloud and cloud is enforced for some quick wins without a long-term strategy, it may give business users high expectations and if it doesn't meeting them it will be doomed as a failure.

5. Running Cloud Projects with Unskilled Resources
Cloud has brought its own technical capability needs and different skills for integrating on-premise and cloud applications. This is a new area with relatively little training and certification options at this time. Sometimes we may not have people who are skilled at cloud platforms and their implementation. If an organization runs cloud migration projects with the wrong people it may lead to failure.

Summary
Like any other project within the enterprise, basic principles of project management like estimation accuracy, project planning, requirements management, and quality management are all important for cloud projects. As discussed above, any of the reasons can make a cloud migration project fail. However, enterprises should take a long-term view of the cloud and the failure of a cloud project should not be considered a failure of the concept.

Basic best practices in project management are applicable for cloud migration too and enterprises should concentrate on these fundamentals to ensure that their cloud migration is successful.

More Stories By Srinivasan Sundara Rajan

Highly passionate about utilizing Digital Technologies to enable next generation enterprise. Believes in enterprise transformation through the Natives (Cloud Native & Mobile Native).

@CloudExpo Stories
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Carl J. Levine, Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1, will objectively discuss how DNS is used to solve Digital Transformation challenges in large SaaS applications, CDNs, AdTech platforms, and other demanding use cases. Carl J. Levine is the Senior Technical Evangelist for NS1. A veteran of the Internet Infrastructure space, he has over a decade of experience with startups, networking protocols and Internet infrastructure, combined with the unique ability to it...
"MobiDev is a software development company and we do complex, custom software development for everybody from entrepreneurs to large enterprises," explained Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Vulnerability management is vital for large companies that need to secure containers across thousands of hosts, but many struggle to understand how exposed they are when they discover a new high security vulnerability. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, John Morello, CTO of Twistlock, addressed this pressing concern by introducing the concept of the “Vulnerability Risk Tree API,” which brings all the data together in a simple REST endpoint, allowing companies to easily grasp the severity of the ...
Agile has finally jumped the technology shark, expanding outside the software world. Enterprises are now increasingly adopting Agile practices across their organizations in order to successfully navigate the disruptive waters that threaten to drown them. In our quest for establishing change as a core competency in our organizations, this business-centric notion of Agile is an essential component of Agile Digital Transformation. In the years since the publication of the Agile Manifesto, the conn...
In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, James Henry, Co-CEO/CTO of Calgary Scientific Inc., introduced you to the challenges, solutions and benefits of training AI systems to solve visual problems with an emphasis on improving AIs with continuous training in the field. He explored applications in several industries and discussed technologies that allow the deployment of advanced visualization solutions to the cloud.
Enterprises are adopting Kubernetes to accelerate the development and the delivery of cloud-native applications. However, sharing a Kubernetes cluster between members of the same team can be challenging. And, sharing clusters across multiple teams is even harder. Kubernetes offers several constructs to help implement segmentation and isolation. However, these primitives can be complex to understand and apply. As a result, it’s becoming common for enterprises to end up with several clusters. Thi...
While some developers care passionately about how data centers and clouds are architected, for most, it is only the end result that matters. To the majority of companies, technology exists to solve a business problem, and only delivers value when it is solving that problem. 2017 brings the mainstream adoption of containers for production workloads. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Ben McCormack, VP of Operations at Evernote, discussed how data centers of the future will be managed, how the p...
"NetApp is known as a data management leader but we do a lot more than just data management on-prem with the data centers of our customers. We're also big in the hybrid cloud," explained Wes Talbert, Principal Architect at NetApp, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"Space Monkey by Vivent Smart Home is a product that is a distributed cloud-based edge storage network. Vivent Smart Home, our parent company, is a smart home provider that places a lot of hard drives across homes in North America," explained JT Olds, Director of Engineering, and Brandon Crowfeather, Product Manager, at Vivint Smart Home, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The question before companies today is not whether to become intelligent, it’s a question of how and how fast. The key is to adopt and deploy an intelligent application strategy while simultaneously preparing to scale that intelligence. In her session at 21st Cloud Expo, Sangeeta Chakraborty, Chief Customer Officer at Ayasdi, provided a tactical framework to become a truly intelligent enterprise, including how to identify the right applications for AI, how to build a Center of Excellence to oper...
"IBM is really all in on blockchain. We take a look at sort of the history of blockchain ledger technologies. It started out with bitcoin, Ethereum, and IBM evaluated these particular blockchain technologies and found they were anonymous and permissionless and that many companies were looking for permissioned blockchain," stated René Bostic, Technical VP of the IBM Cloud Unit in North America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventi...
Coca-Cola’s Google powered digital signage system lays the groundwork for a more valuable connection between Coke and its customers. Digital signs pair software with high-resolution displays so that a message can be changed instantly based on what the operator wants to communicate or sell. In their Day 3 Keynote at 21st Cloud Expo, Greg Chambers, Global Group Director, Digital Innovation, Coca-Cola, and Vidya Nagarajan, a Senior Product Manager at Google, discussed how from store operations and ...
"Infoblox does DNS, DHCP and IP address management for not only enterprise networks but cloud networks as well. Customers are looking for a single platform that can extend not only in their private enterprise environment but private cloud, public cloud, tracking all the IP space and everything that is going on in that environment," explained Steve Salo, Principal Systems Engineer at Infoblox, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Conventio...
"We're focused on how to get some of the attributes that you would expect from an Amazon, Azure, Google, and doing that on-prem. We believe today that you can actually get those types of things done with certain architectures available in the market today," explained Steve Conner, VP of Sales at Cloudistics, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Large industrial manufacturing organizations are adopting the agile principles of cloud software companies. The industrial manufacturing development process has not scaled over time. Now that design CAD teams are geographically distributed, centralizing their work is key. With large multi-gigabyte projects, outdated tools have stifled industrial team agility, time-to-market milestones, and impacted P&L stakeholders.
"ZeroStack is a startup in Silicon Valley. We're solving a very interesting problem around bringing public cloud convenience with private cloud control for enterprises and mid-size companies," explained Kamesh Pemmaraju, VP of Product Management at ZeroStack, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
"Codigm is based on the cloud and we are here to explore marketing opportunities in America. Our mission is to make an ecosystem of the SW environment that anyone can understand, learn, teach, and develop the SW on the cloud," explained Sung Tae Ryu, CEO of Codigm, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 21st Cloud Expo, held Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Data scientists must access high-performance computing resources across a wide-area network. To achieve cloud-based HPC visualization, researchers must transfer datasets and visualization results efficiently. HPC clusters now compute GPU-accelerated visualization in the cloud cluster. To efficiently display results remotely, a high-performance, low-latency protocol transfers the display from the cluster to a remote desktop. Further, tools to easily mount remote datasets and efficiently transfer...
High-velocity engineering teams are applying not only continuous delivery processes, but also lessons in experimentation from established leaders like Amazon, Netflix, and Facebook. These companies have made experimentation a foundation for their release processes, allowing them to try out major feature releases and redesigns within smaller groups before making them broadly available. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Brian Lucas, Senior Staff Engineer at Optimizely, discussed how by using ne...
Gemini is Yahoo’s native and search advertising platform. To ensure the quality of a complex distributed system that spans multiple products and components and across various desktop websites and mobile app and web experiences – both Yahoo owned and operated and third-party syndication (supply), with complex interaction with more than a billion users and numerous advertisers globally (demand) – it becomes imperative to automate a set of end-to-end tests 24x7 to detect bugs and regression. In th...