|By Kaazing Blog||
|March 3, 2012 05:00 AM EST||
This is the second post of a two-part blog post that discusses HTML5 WebSocket and security. The first post, HTML5 WebSocket Security is Strong, talked about the security benefits that derive from being HTTP-compatible and the WebSocket standard itself. In this, the second post, I will highlight some of the extra security capabilities that Kaazing WebSocket Gateway offers.
Kaazing WebSocket Gateway makes your Web application architecture more secure. We leverage the HTTP and WebSocket standards as well as Kaazing-specific technology for capabilities beyond what the standard provides, but what real-world applications typically need. What are some of those things? Read on…
- HTTP Authentication (Challenge/Response)
Specified by RFC 2617, a WebSocket gateway/server can issue a standard HTTP challenge and receive a token or other authentication information in the HTTP Authorization header.
The WebSocket gateway/server is the front line protecting your back-end server or application code. Rather than letting an untrusted (possibly malicious) user get access to the back-end service before discovering they don’t have credentials, you could prevent an unauthenticated user from even establishing a WebSocket connection in the first place.
It’s the difference between letting someone through your front door in order to check their id versus checking their id outside the door first.
- Single Sign-On (SSO)
Our customers are enterprise companies that will usually have an SSO or authentication framework already in place. Rather than impose our own (proprietary) security restrictions on them, Kaazing’s vision is to utilize standards and plug in to your existing security architecture using an open and customizable interface.
When the Kaazing Gateway issues a (standards-based) challenge for a new WebSocket connection, if the client has an existing token or cookie then that can be returned to the Gateway for validation. Thus if a user is already signed into your SSO framework then they can also use a WebSocket application without the need to log in again.
Users can authenticate using a token provider from popular security vendors, or public token providers such as Facebook or Twitter, or your own proprietary token service.
- Authentication Re-validation
When using HTTP, a server has an opportunity (and overhead) with each individual request to re-authenticate the user. However a WebSocket connection is persistent; once a user has established the connection how do you enforce authentication rules?
You could terminate the session and make the user re-authenticate. But what if have configured short sessions, such as 30 minutes? You don’t want to disconnect your users too often thereby causing them inconvenience. However you might not want long sessions either.
Kaazing WebSocket Gateway can perform re-authentication without disconnecting your WebSocket connection. Staying consistent with the idea of plugging into your existing security framework, the Gateway will still rely on session rules dictated by your token provider rather than hard-coding them into the Gateway. And that’s the way it should be.
- Fine-grained Authorization Control
Once a user is authenticated and logged in, you know they are who they claim to be. However that doesn’t entitle them to perform any operation or see any data they want. With Kaazing WebSocket Gateway you have fine-grained authorization that lets you specify precisely what application-level operations users can perform or what data they can see.
In keeping with Kaazing’s philosophy of adhering to standards, the Gateway uses a standard authorization model based on JAAS (Java Authentication and Authorization Service).
- Distributed DMZ (DDMZ)
Kaazing WebSocket Gateway was designed to live in a DMZ as the front-level protection for your back-end services. It offers encryption, authentication, authorization, and SSO to keep your trusted data safe.
In addition, some security-conscious companies utilize layered DMZs for extra levels of protection on the Web. The Gateway has the capability to be distributed across DMZs so that each layer offers protection for the layer behind it. Users that don’t authenticate can fail fast closer to the user rather putting a burden on the center only to discover a user is not valid.
- Secure Emulation
In the real-world, emulation is a vital component for a WebSocket application. Users may be using old browsers, or intermediaries can interfere with a WebSocket connection. Over time this problem will fade as WebSocket becomes ubiquitous, but in the meantime a robust application needs to contend those times when a WebSocket connection become established.
- Unified Security
This carries over to security as well. You configure security options once on the Gateway and those settings apply to all clients,irrespective of the client technology and whether desktop, browser, or mobile.
In case you can’t already tell, at Kaazing we take security seriously. That’s because we have to. Many of our customers are banks and financial institutions with stringent security requirements, providing critical data from back-end system to users over the Web.
While standard security techniques can make a WebSocket connection secure (assuming your WebSocket vendor implements them), robust, real-world applications need more. The ability to plug in to your existing SSO framework, adhere to your existing session rules, offer fine-grained authorization, and so on are key differentiators that provide security, flexibility, and ease-of-use.
Instead of developers building security elements into the application itself, administrators can configure various security options independently of the app. This lets your developers focus on what they should be focusing on: application logic and slick user interfaces.
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace.
Oct. 1, 2016 08:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,308
An IoT product’s log files speak volumes about what’s happening with your products in the field, pinpointing current and potential issues, and enabling you to predict failures and save millions of dollars in inventory. But until recently, no one knew how to listen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Dan Gettens, Chief Research Officer at OnProcess, will discuss recent research by Massachusetts Institute of Technology and OnProcess Technology, where MIT created a new, breakthrough analytics model f...
Oct. 1, 2016 08:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,244
Without a clear strategy for cost control and an architecture designed with cloud services in mind, costs and operational performance can quickly get out of control. To avoid multiple architectural redesigns requires extensive thought and planning. Boundary (now part of BMC) launched a new public-facing multi-tenant high resolution monitoring service on Amazon AWS two years ago, facing challenges and learning best practices in the early days of the new service. In his session at 19th Cloud Exp...
Oct. 1, 2016 07:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,173
Digitization is driving a fundamental change in society that is transforming the way businesses work with their customers, their supply chains and their people. Digital transformation leverages DevOps best practices, such as Agile Parallel Development, Continuous Delivery and Agile Operations to capitalize on opportunities and create competitive differentiation in the application economy. However, information security has been notably absent from the DevOps movement. Speed doesn’t have to negat...
Oct. 1, 2016 07:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,397
The Internet of Things can drive efficiency for airlines and airports. In their session at @ThingsExpo, Shyam Varan Nath, Principal Architect with GE, and Sudip Majumder, senior director of development at Oracle, will discuss the technical details of the connected airline baggage and related social media solutions. These IoT applications will enhance travelers' journey experience and drive efficiency for the airlines and the airports. The session will include a working demo and a technical d...
Oct. 1, 2016 07:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,865
While DevOps promises a better and tighter integration among an organization’s development and operation teams and transforms an application life cycle into a continual deployment, Chef and Azure together provides a speedy, cost-effective and highly scalable vehicle for realizing the business values of this transformation. In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 19th Cloud Expo, Yung Chou, a Technology Evangelist at Microsoft, will present a unique opportunity to witness how Chef and Azure work tog...
Oct. 1, 2016 06:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,931
In this strange new world where more and more power is drawn from business technology, companies are effectively straddling two paths on the road to innovation and transformation into digital enterprises. The first path is the heritage trail – with “legacy” technology forming the background. Here, extant technologies are transformed by core IT teams to provide more API-driven approaches. Legacy systems can restrict companies that are transitioning into digital enterprises. To truly become a lea...
Oct. 1, 2016 06:15 AM EDT Reads: 808
Almost two-thirds of companies either have or soon will have IoT as the backbone of their business in 2016. However, IoT is far more complex than most firms expected. How can you not get trapped in the pitfalls? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan, a renowned visionary and thought leader, will introduce a holistic method of IoTification, which is the process of IoTifying the existing technology and business models to adopt and leverage IoT. He will drill down to the components in this fra...
Oct. 1, 2016 06:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,945
Your business relies on your applications and your employees to stay in business. Whether you develop apps or manage business critical apps that help fuel your business, what happens when users experience sluggish performance? You and all technical teams across the organization – application, network, operations, among others, as well as, those outside the organization, like ISPs and third-party providers – are called in to solve the problem.
Oct. 1, 2016 06:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,806
Digital transformation is too big and important for our future success to not understand the rules that apply to it. The first three rules for winning in this age of hyper-digital transformation are: Advantages in speed, analytics and operational tempos must be captured by implementing an optimized information logistics system (OILS) Real-time operational tempos (IT, people and business processes) must be achieved Businesses that can "analyze data and act and with speed" will dominate those t...
Oct. 1, 2016 05:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,342
If you had a chance to enter on the ground level of the largest e-commerce market in the world – would you? China is the world’s most populated country with the second largest economy and the world’s fastest growing market. It is estimated that by 2018 the Chinese market will be reaching over $30 billion in gaming revenue alone. Admittedly for a foreign company, doing business in China can be challenging. Often changing laws, administrative regulations and the often inscrutable Chinese Interne...
Oct. 1, 2016 05:30 AM EDT Reads: 642
I'm a lonely sensor. I spend all day telling the world how I'm feeling, but none of the other sensors seem to care. I want to be connected. I want to build relationships with other sensors to be more useful for my human. I want my human to understand that when my friends next door are too hot for a while, I'll soon be flaming. And when all my friends go outside without me, I may be left behind. Don't just log my data; use the relationship graph. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ryan Boyd, Engi...
Oct. 1, 2016 05:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,438
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with the 19th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world and ThingsExpo Silicon Valley Call for Papers is now open.
Oct. 1, 2016 05:00 AM EDT Reads: 4,758
Adobe is changing the world though digital experiences. Adobe helps customers develop and deliver high-impact experiences that differentiate brands, build loyalty, and drive revenue across every screen, including smartphones, computers, tablets and TVs. Adobe content solutions are used daily by millions of companies worldwide-from publishers and broadcasters, to enterprises, marketing agencies and household-name brands. Building on its established design leadership, Adobe enables customers not o...
Oct. 1, 2016 04:45 AM EDT Reads: 580
If you’re responsible for an application that depends on the data or functionality of various IoT endpoints – either sensors or devices – your brand reputation depends on the security, reliability, and compliance of its many integrated parts. If your application fails to deliver the expected business results, your customers and partners won't care if that failure stems from the code you developed or from a component that you integrated. What can you do to ensure that the endpoints work as expect...
Oct. 1, 2016 04:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,825
Just over a week ago I received a long and loud sustained applause for a presentation I delivered at this year’s Cloud Expo in Santa Clara. I was extremely pleased with the turnout and had some very good conversations with many of the attendees. Over the next few days I had many more meaningful conversations and was not only happy with the results but also learned a few new things. Here is everything I learned in those three days distilled into three short points.
Oct. 1, 2016 04:00 AM EDT Reads: 5,487
SYS-CON Events announced today that ReadyTalk, a leading provider of online conferencing and webinar services, has been named Vendor Presentation Sponsor at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. ReadyTalk delivers audio and web conferencing services that inspire collaboration and enable the Future of Work for today’s increasingly digital and mobile workforce. By combining intuitive, innovative tec...
Oct. 1, 2016 04:00 AM EDT Reads: 3,131
WebRTC adoption has generated a wave of creative uses of communications and collaboration through websites, sales apps, customer care and business applications. As WebRTC has become more mainstream it has evolved to use cases beyond the original peer-to-peer case, which has led to a repeating requirement for interoperability with existing infrastructures. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Graham Holt, Executive Vice President of Daitan Group, will cover implementation examples that have enabled ea...
Oct. 1, 2016 04:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,659
Fifty billion connected devices and still no winning protocols standards. HTTP, WebSockets, MQTT, and CoAP seem to be leading in the IoT protocol race at the moment but many more protocols are getting introduced on a regular basis. Each protocol has its pros and cons depending on the nature of the communications. Does there really need to be only one protocol to rule them all? Of course not. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Matthieu, co-founder and CTO of Octoblu, walk you through how Oct...
Oct. 1, 2016 03:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,462
There is growing need for data-driven applications and the need for digital platforms to build these apps. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Muddu Sudhakar, VP and GM of Security & IoT at Splunk, will cover different PaaS solutions and Big Data platforms that are available to build applications. In addition, AI and machine learning are creating new requirements that developers need in the building of next-gen apps. The next-generation digital platforms have some of the past platform needs a...
Oct. 1, 2016 03:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,980