Welcome!

@CloudExpo Authors: Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Yeshim Deniz, Liz McMillan, Zakia Bouachraoui

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Government Cloud

@CloudExpo: Blog Post

The Department of Defense Cloud Computing Strategy

According to its CIO, the DoD currently has a “duplicative, cumbersome, and costly set of application silos"

The Department of Defense needs to accomplish its critical global missions despite a decreasing budget and rising cybersecurity threat. To that end, the Chief Information Officer of the DoD, Teri Takai, released its Cloud Computing Strategy, which outlines its goals to accelerate the adoption of cloud computing throughout the department. In the strategy, the Office of the CIO explains why it wants to move to the cloud, its goals, the challengesthat stand in its way and methods to mitigate them, and the coming steps the Defense Department plans to take to get there.

The strategy uses the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s definition of cloud computing for their strategy. NIST defines cloud computing as: “A model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, ondemand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.” DoD likes this definition because it includes Software as a Service, Platform as a Service, and Infrastructure as a Service.

According to the CIO, the DoD currently has a “duplicative, cumbersome, and costly set of application silos” that can benefit from more cloud computing. The shift is not the sole initiative of Takai as it is in line with several federal mandates urging a move to the cloud. These include the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), Office of Management and Budget (OMB)‐directed Federal Data center Consolidation Initiative, Federal CIO 25 Point Implementation Plan to Reform Federal Information Technology Management, DoD IT Enterprise Strategy and Roadmap, and Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP).

The goals presented in the Cloud Computing Strategy is to “consolidate and share commodity IT functions resulting in a more efficient use of resources.” The DoD hopes to provide device and location independent on-demand secure global access to mission data and enterprise services. They also hope to enable rapid application development and reuse of applications by other organizations. This means both sharing and adopting the most secure commercially available cloud services.

To do so, the strategy hopes to establish a Department of Defense Enterprise Cloud Environment. The DoD Enterprise Cloud Environment will provide access to both new and legacy applications and data exchanges on NIPRNet, SIPRNet, and Top Secret Sensitive Compartmentalized Information security domains, as well as information sharing with Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System (JWICS), and other partner networks. The DoD CIO will lead efforts to connect NIPRNet and SIPRNet to the cloud while the Director of National Intelligence CIO will lead for TS SCI networks and above. The Enterprise Cloud Environment will also enable the Joint Information Environment, “a robust and resilient enterprise that delivers faster, better informed collaboration and decisions enabled by secure, seamless access to information regardless of computing device or location.”

Transitioning to a cloud environment, however, poses unique challenges to the Department of Defense. which needs to ensure an outstanding level of cyberseucrity, continuity of operations, and information assurance on its networks. As of now, DoD systems have been designed to operate in a protected environment with dedicated infrastructure. The DoD will also have to overcome acquisition and funding changes, data migration and management, and service to clients in austere and tactical environments. The DoD hopes to overcome these challenges in part through FedRAMP, which standardizes continuous auditing and monitoring requirements for federal clouds as well as the cloud service authorization process. The DoD CIO is also updating Information Assurance (IA) policies and instructions.

The Cloud Computing Strategy also lays out four steps for implementing the Department of Defense Cloud Environment. The first will be to “Foster Adoption of Cloud Computing” by establishing a joint governance structure to drive the transition and an Enterprise First approach while reforming DoD IT finance, acquisition, and contracting and increasing cloud outreach and awareness. The next step is to “Optimize Data Center Consolidation” by consolidating and virtualizing legacy applications and data. The third step is to “Establish the DoD Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure” so that it’s agile, consolidated, and secure. The last step will be to “Deliver Cloud Services” using existing DoD cloud services and external providers. The CIO will provide oversight for component implementation of these steps.

This post by was first published at CTOvision.com.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Bob Gourley

Bob Gourley writes on enterprise IT. He is a founder of Crucial Point and publisher of CTOvision.com

CloudEXPO Stories
Everyone wants the rainbow - reduced IT costs, scalability, continuity, flexibility, manageability, and innovation. But in order to get to that collaboration rainbow, you need the cloud! In this presentation, we'll cover three areas: First - the rainbow of benefits from cloud collaboration. There are many different reasons why more and more companies and institutions are moving to the cloud. Benefits include: cost savings (reducing on-prem infrastructure, reducing data center foot print, reducing IT support costs), enabling growth (ensuring a highly available, highly scalable infrastructure), increasing employee access & engagement (by having collaboration tools that are usable and available globally regardless of location there will be an increased connectedness amongst teams and individuals that will help increase both efficiency and productivity.)
They say multi-cloud is coming, but organizations are leveraging multiple clouds already. According to a study by 451 Research, only 21% of organizations were using a single cloud. If you've found yourself unprepared for the barrage of cloud services introduced in your organization, you will need to change your approach to engaging with the business and engaging with vendors. Look at technologies that are on the way and work with the internal players involved to have a plan in place when the inevitable happens and the business begins to look at how these things can help affect your bottom line.
Excitement and interest in APIs has skyrocketed in recent years. However, if you ask a room full of IT professionals "What is an API", you will get a wide array of answers. There exists a wide knowledge gap between API experts and those that have a general idea of what they are, but are unsure of what they have been for in the past, what they look like now, and how they can be used to expand your business in the future. In this session John will cover what the history of APIs, what an API looks like now, how APIs are used today, and why they are important to your entire organization and digital transformation. John will also cover how you can use APIs to lead your digital transformation and uncover new business opportunities within your organization.
Bill Schmarzo, Tech Chair of "Big Data | Analytics" of upcoming CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO New York (November 12-13, 2018, New York City) today announced the outline and schedule of the track. "The track has been designed in experience/degree order," said Schmarzo. "So, that folks who attend the entire track can leave the conference with some of the skills necessary to get their work done when they get back to their offices. It actually ties back to some work that I'm doing at the University of San Francisco which creates an "Outcomes-Centric Business Analytics" degree." Bill Schmarzo, author of "Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business" and "Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science" is responsible for guiding the technology strategy within Hitachi Vantara for IoT and Analytics. Bill brings a balanced business-technology approach that focuses on business...
The now mainstream platform changes stemming from the first Internet boom brought many changes but didn’t really change the basic relationship between servers and the applications running on them. In fact, that was sort of the point. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Gordon Haff, senior cloud strategy marketing and evangelism manager at Red Hat, will discuss how today’s workloads require a new model and a new platform for development and execution. The platform must handle a wide range of recent developments, including containers and Docker, distributed resource management, and DevOps tool chains and processes. The resulting infrastructure and management framework must be optimized for distributed and scalable applications, take advantage of innovation stemming from a wide variety of open source projects, span hybrid environments, and be adaptable to equally fundamental changes happen...