|By Hovhannes Avoyan||
|November 7, 2012 08:38 AM EST||
In this article I would like to share the new things in Windows Server 2012 that grabbed my particular attention. It’s not a full list of the new features, which you can find on the Microsoft official site. It’s more like a summary of the more advanced and intriguing new features.
Windows Server 2008 R2 supported live migration, but only if the virtual hard disk’s location remained the same, i.e. SAN. What Windows Server 2012 brings to the scene is the ability to move a virtual machine outside a cluster environment to any other Hyper-V host. You can even move several machines at the same time. The only thing you would need is a shared folder accessible from both locations and then you could move the storage (storage migration) of a virtual machine to a new one. Windows Server 2012 even offers you the ability to do a “Shared Nothing” live migration, meaning the ability to migrate a virtual machine from one host to another, even if they have no connectivity between themselves.
In a typical virtualization infrastructure there are multiple virtual machines sharing the same physical network card. In periods of heavy loads one virtual machine can manipulate the traffic if it needs it, leaving insufficient traffic for the rest of the machines. In Windows Server 2008 R2 you were able to set the maximum bandwidth for each virtual machine, meaning that they couldn’t occupy more of their allocated bandwidth, even if they needed to. However, it was inefficient in situations when the other virtual machines didn’t actually need the rest of the bandwidth. Setting a minimum bandwidth in Windows Server 2012 allows you to specify how much bandwidth each virtual machine needs in order to function. However, these constraints are applied only when there is a conflict in the bandwidth needs of virtual machines. If there is free bandwidth each virtual machine may use it until other virtual machines that are under their minimum bandwidth need it.
Let’s say we have a 1 Gigabit Ethernet card. We specify the minimum bandwidths for Virtual Machine (VM) 1, VM2, and VM3 to be respectively 500 Mb, 300 Mb, and 200 Mb (the sum can’t exceed the total bandwidth of the Ethernet card). In a moment of less activity from VM2 and VM3, VM1 uses 700 Mb of the available bandwidth, VM2 and VM3 use 100 Mb each. However, in the next moment a transaction is processed to VM2 and it needs all its available bandwidth. When that happens, VM2 will first occupy the available 100 Mb, but because it still needs more bandwidth and it’s under its minimum bandwidth of 300 Mb, V1 (as it exceeds its minimum bandwidth) will have to give VM2 100 Mb more.
What it allows you to do is to have multiple virtual networks, possibly with the same IP address schemes, on top of the same physical network. It is really useful for cloud services providers. However, it can be used in businesses as well, for example when HR or Payroll traffic should be totally separated from the rest of the traffic. It also allows you to move virtual machines wherever you need them, despite the physical network, even to the cloud. For this to be possible each virtual machine has two different addresses for each network adapter. One is used for communication with the rest of the virtual machines and hosts in that network and is called Client Address. The other one is called Provider Address and it’s used for communications on the physical network only. These addresses are given so that different clients/departments have specific addresses so that the provider knows which traffic comes from which client/department. This way, the traffic is completely isolated from any other traffic on the physical network.
It allows you to easily do your capacity planning, because it collects information for the use of resources of a virtual machine throughout a period of time. Furthermore, Windows Server 2012 introduces the concept of resource pools. They combine multiple virtual machines belonging to one specific client or used for one specific function and the resource metrics are collected on a per user/function basis. This technique is helpful for IT budgeting needs and for billing customers. The metrics usually being collected are: Average CPU use (for a selected period of time); Average memory use; Minimum memory use; Maximum memory use; Maximum disk allocation; Incoming network traffic; Outgoing network traffic.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
A rogue DHCP server is a fake server which is connected to the network, collects DHCP server requests and responds with incorrect addressing information. Active Directory protects its DHCP service by not allowing other DHCP servers to operate on the network until they are authenticated. However, this does not apply for non-Microsoft-Windows DHCP servers. They could still connect to the network and give addresses. Windows Server 2012 limits this by allowing you to specify which ports can have DHCP servers attached. So if the intruder is attached to any other port, its DHCP fake server packets would be dropped.
They are mainly used when you need point-in-time recovery in case of an error. For example, when you apply a service pack on a production server, you may want to give yourself a backdoor in case something bad happens. You take the snapshot before the service pack installation and if needed, you recover the server with it. What happens if you don’t need it? You’ve monitored the server for a while and everything seems normal after the patch? You don’t need the screenshot anymore. However, in Windows Server 2008 R2 you couldn’t just get rid of it. You would have to pause the virtual machine for a while, making it inaccessible. Windows Server 2012 has a new feature, called Hyper-V Live Merge, which allows you to release the snapshot while the machine continues to run.
Stay tuned to Monitis for our future articles on Windows Server 2012. We will take a deeper look into these and some more advanced new features.Share Now:
SYS-CON Events has announced today that Roger Strukhoff has been named conference chair of Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo 2016 Silicon Valley. The 19th Cloud Expo and 6th @ThingsExpo will take place on November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. "The Internet of Things brings trillions of dollars of opportunity to developers and enterprise IT, no matter how you measure it," stated Roger Strukhoff. "More importantly, it leverages the power of devices and the Interne...
Jul. 24, 2016 04:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,966
"There's a growing demand from users for things to be faster. When you think about all the transactions or interactions users will have with your product and everything that is between those transactions and interactions - what drives us at Catchpoint Systems is the idea to measure that and to analyze it," explained Leo Vasiliou, Director of Web Performance Engineering at Catchpoint Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York Ci...
Jul. 24, 2016 04:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,857
Predictive analytics tools monitor, report, and troubleshoot in order to make proactive decisions about the health, performance, and utilization of storage. Most enterprises combine cloud and on-premise storage, resulting in blended environments of physical, virtual, cloud, and other platforms, which justifies more sophisticated storage analytics. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Peter McCallum, Vice President of Datacenter Solutions at FalconStor, discussed using predictive analytics to mon...
Jul. 24, 2016 04:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,916
Redis is not only the fastest database, but it is the most popular among the new wave of databases running in containers. Redis speeds up just about every data interaction between your users or operational systems. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Dave Nielsen, Developer Advocate, Redis Labs, will share the functions and data structures used to solve everyday use cases that are driving Redis' popularity.
Jul. 24, 2016 04:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,443
Most organizations prioritize data security only after their data has already been compromised. Proactive prevention is important, but how can you accomplish that on a small budget? Learn how the cloud, combined with a defense and in-depth approach, creates efficiencies by transferring and assigning risk. Security requires a multi-defense approach, and an in-house team may only be able to cherry pick from the essential components. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Vlad Friedman, CEO/Founder o...
Jul. 24, 2016 04:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,796
"We host and fully manage cloud data services, whether we store, the data, move the data, or run analytics on the data," stated Kamal Shannak, Senior Development Manager, Cloud Data Services, IBM, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Jul. 24, 2016 03:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,128
With the proliferation of both SQL and NoSQL databases, organizations can now target specific fit-for-purpose database tools for their different application needs regarding scalability, ease of use, ACID support, etc. Platform as a Service offerings make this even easier now, enabling developers to roll out their own database infrastructure in minutes with minimal management overhead. However, this same amount of flexibility also comes with the challenges of picking the right tool, on the right ...
Jul. 24, 2016 02:45 AM EDT Reads: 871
As organizations shift towards IT-as-a-service models, the need for managing and protecting data residing across physical, virtual, and now cloud environments grows with it. Commvault can ensure protection, access and E-Discovery of your data – whether in a private cloud, a Service Provider delivered public cloud, or a hybrid cloud environment – across the heterogeneous enterprise. In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Randy De Meno, Chief Technologist - Windows Products and Microsoft Part...
Jul. 24, 2016 02:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,811
The Internet of Things will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, demonstrated how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and shared the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the develo...
Jul. 24, 2016 01:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,119
SYS-CON Events announced today that MangoApps will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MangoApps provides modern company intranets and team collaboration software, allowing workers to stay connected and productive from anywhere in the world and from any device.
Jul. 24, 2016 01:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,214
“We're a global managed hosting provider. Our core customer set is a U.S.-based customer that is looking to go global,” explained Adam Rogers, Managing Director at ANEXIA, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Jul. 24, 2016 12:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,553
"We've discovered that after shows 80% if leads that people get, 80% of the conversations end up on the show floor, meaning people forget about it, people forget who they talk to, people forget that there are actual business opportunities to be had here so we try to help out and keep the conversations going," explained Jeff Mesnik, Founder and President of ContentMX, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Jul. 23, 2016 11:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,212
DevOps at Cloud Expo – being held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA – announces that its Call for Papers is open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises – and delivering real results. Am...
Jul. 23, 2016 11:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,109
SYS-CON Events announced today that Isomorphic Software will exhibit at DevOps Summit at 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Isomorphic Software provides the SmartClient HTML5/AJAX platform, the most advanced technology for building rich, cutting-edge enterprise web applications for desktop and mobile. SmartClient combines the productivity and performance of traditional desktop software with the simp...
Jul. 23, 2016 11:30 PM EDT Reads: 836
Internet of @ThingsExpo has announced today that Chris Matthieu has been named tech chair of Internet of @ThingsExpo 2016 Silicon Valley. The 6thInternet of @ThingsExpo will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Jul. 23, 2016 11:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,856
"When you think about the data center today, there's constant evolution, The evolution of the data center and the needs of the consumer of technology change, and they change constantly," stated Matt Kalmenson, VP of Sales, Service and Cloud Providers at Veeam Software, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Jul. 23, 2016 11:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,222
When people aren’t talking about VMs and containers, they’re talking about serverless architecture. Serverless is about no maintenance. It means you are not worried about low-level infrastructural and operational details. An event-driven serverless platform is a great use case for IoT. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Animesh Singh, an STSM and Lead for IBM Cloud Platform and Infrastructure, will detail how to build a distributed serverless, polyglot, microservices framework using open source tec...
Jul. 23, 2016 11:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,231
The 19th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Digital Transformation, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportuni...
Jul. 23, 2016 10:15 PM EDT Reads: 2,440
“Being the one true cloud-agnostic and storage-agnostic software solution, more and more customers are coming to Commvault and saying ' What do you recommend? What's your best practice for implementing cloud?” explained Randy De Meno, Chief Technologist at Commvault, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Jul. 23, 2016 10:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,580
Let’s face it, embracing new storage technologies, capabilities and upgrading to new hardware often adds complexity and increases costs. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Seth Oxenhorn, Vice President of Business Development & Alliances at FalconStor, discussed how a truly heterogeneous software-defined storage approach can add value to legacy platforms and heterogeneous environments. The result reduces complexity, significantly lowers cost, and provides IT organizations with improved efficienc...
Jul. 23, 2016 09:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,880