|By Marketwired .||
|November 9, 2012 06:42 PM EST||
WARWICK, NY -- (Marketwire) -- 11/09/12 -- Warwick Valley Telephone Company (NYSE MKT: WVT) (referred to as WVT Communications Group or the Company), the parent company of leading cloud communications pioneers, today announced financial results for its third quarter ended September 30, 2012. Financial results and recent corporate development highlights include:
- Cloud or unified communications ("UC") revenues net of eliminations were $3.6 million in third quarter 2012, an increase of 38% from $2.6 million compared to the same period last year and 11% from the second quarter 2012, while revenue from our Telephone segment declined 19% to $3.4 million
- Total third quarter revenues increased 3% over the same period last year
- At over 51% of third quarter consolidated revenues, UC is now the Company's largest segment
- Gross profit was $3.6 million in third quarter 2012, an increase of 29% from $2.8 million in third quarter 2011 and up by 3.5% from $3.5 million in the second quarter 2012
- Gross profit as a percentage of revenues increased to 51.4% in third quarter 2012, from 41.1% in third quarter 2011 and 50.1% in second quarter 2012
- The Company received $3.25 million in cash distributions from Orange County-Poughkeepsie Limited Partnership ("O-P") investment, which were recorded as other income in the third quarter of 2012
- During the third quarter 2012, we recorded a net loss of $(922,000), or $(0.16) per common share, a lost reduction of nearly 50% from the same period last year. The Company declared quarterly cash dividend of $0.27 per common share for the third quarter of 2012
- Transition and rebranding as leading cloud-based UC provider bolstered by new listing on NYSE MKT with ticker symbol WVT which became effective on November 6, 2012, and a successful start to transforming of the parent company into an unregulated holding company on November 1, 2012.
- Cloud-based UC Solutions Headlines:
- Grand opening of first Innovation Center for potential customers to experience Alteva unified communications solutions, located in new UC headquarters in Philadelphia
- Alteva received 2012 Cloud Computing Excellence Award with Hosted VoIP Communications honored for innovation
- Alteva received 2012 Internet Telephony Excellence Award
- Alteva Hosted UC Services named Communications Solutions Product of the Year Award by TMC
- Ranked #9 in North America Hosted IP Telephony/UC Services Market by Frost & Sullivan*
- Provisioning of new customers for UC services continues at record levels
Third Quarter 2012 Results
Revenues for the three-month period ended September 30, 2012 increased 3% to $7.1 million, compared to $6.8 million for the same period in 2011.
In the first quarter of 2012, the Company realigned its segment reporting and management structure as a result of the Alteva acquisition in 2011. The Company's segments are strategic business units that offer different products and services and are now managed as Unified Communications ("UC") or Cloud Communications services, and Telephone. Revenues discussed in this press release for periods prior to the first quarter of 2012 have been presented on the basis of the new segment reporting.
Revenues from UC services, net of eliminations, were $3.6 million in the third quarter of 2012, an increase of 38% from $2.6 million in the prior year period. As a percentage of consolidated revenue, the UC segment contributed over 51% of revenues in the third quarter of 2012 as compared with 38% in the same period of the prior year and 47% in the second quarter of 2012. The increase in UC revenues of nearly $1 million was primarily attributable to the full quarter impact of the Company's acquisition of Alteva on August 5, 2011, and organic unified communications services revenue growth.
Telephone services revenues net of eliminations were $3.4 million in the third quarter of 2012, a decrease from $4.2 million in the corresponding 2011 period. The Telephone segment contributed 49% of revenues in the third quarter as compared with 62% in the third quarter of 2011 and 53% in the second quarter of 2012. The decrease was primarily due to lower Universal Service Fund revenues and the termination of the Nation Rural Telecommunications Cooperative ("NRTC") contract as of August 15, 2011. The termination of the NRTC contract changed our DIRECTV services revenue from monthly recurring to one based on sales commissions and reimbursements for installation costs and losses due to wireless substitution and competition for other triple play service providers offset by an increase in access lines rates.
Gross profit increased by 29% to $3.6 million in the third quarter of 2012 from $2.8 million in the same period of 2011. Gross profit as a percentage of revenues increased to 51.4% in the third quarter 2012 from 41.1% in the 2011 period and 50.1% in the second quarter of 2012. The improvement in gross profit in dollars as well as on a margin basis primarily reflects (i) the substantial increase in revenues contributed by the UC segment in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the same period last year, (ii) and our ability to leverage our infrastructure.
Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses in the third quarter of 2012 increased to $6.2 million from $4.9 million in the corresponding period of 2011. The 27% increase in SG&A expenses reflects the additional operating expenses for Alteva as well as the current and ongoing requirements to support the Company's Cloud Communications growth strategies. Included in SG&A for the three months ended September 30, 2012 was $550,000 of nonrecurring charges. These charges were primarily professional fees and other costs related to the acquisition of Alteva and the corporate restructuring.
Total other income for the three-month period ended September 30, 2012 was $2.7 million as compared to $1.3 million for the same period in 2011. This increase is primarily due to O-P distributions of $3.25 million in the third quarter of 2012 as compared with $1.3 million in the prior year period which was recorded based on the amount in excess of the Company's share of the O-P earnings for that period as opposed to being applied to the investment account.
For the three-month period ended September 30, 2012, the Company had a net loss of $(922,000), or $(0.16) per basic and diluted share, compared to a net loss of $(1.7) million, or $(0.31) per basic and diluted share, for the three-month period ended September 30, 2011.
The Board of Directors of WVT Communications Group declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.27 per share on the Company's common shares. The dividend was paid on September 28, 2012 to shareholders of record as of September 18, 2012. In addition, the Board of Directors declared the regular quarterly dividend of $1.25 per share on the outstanding 5,000 shares of the Company's 5% Preferred Shares that was paid on September 28, 2012 to shareholders of record as of September 18, 2012. Dividends distributed by the Company are paid using the cash distributions from the O-P.
"WVT Communications Group has made impressive progress toward our goal of transitioning into a highly prominent, fast growing cloud-based Unified Communications platform provider," said Duane W. Albro, the Company's Chief Executive Officer. "UC revenues contributed more than half of our quarterly consolidated revenues for the first time in the Company's history. We are further pleased that our UC platform is well positioned for continued growth in revenue and gross margins. These are some of the business characteristics we sought as we embarked on our transformation.
"In related and supportive initiatives, WVT Communications Group became a holding company on November 1, 2012, and moved its ILEC operations to a wholly-owned subsidiary which is now subject to regulations by telecommunications governing bodies. This is being accompanied by a complete rebranding of the Company that focuses on our cloud UC platform, including the transfer of our common stock to the NYSE MKT on November 6, 2012, with WVT as our new ticker symbol that will reflect, upon shareholder approval, an official name change to WVT Communications Group.
"Our transition has further taken hold with numerous industry accolades. We have won several awards for technology innovation within the Cloud Communications industry and our executives are in high demand for speaking and conference appearances across the country. Industry analysts are taking note of us and business customers are lining up for our services. The numbers of customers in provisioning for our UC services remains at a record high level. While our UC solutions are ideal for most business customers, our efforts to target the middle market segment are showing signs of success. Given our market position and the significant leverage in our operating model, we look forward to capitalizing on the demand for our UC services."
The Company will conduct a conference call to discuss third quarter results on Monday, November 12, 2012, at 9:00 a.m. eastern. Investors and other interested parties can listen to the call by dialing the participant numbers of 877-317-6789 (toll free) or 412-317-6789, no access code required, approximately 10 minutes prior to the start of the conference call. The conference call will also be webcast live on the WVT Communications Group website at www.wvtcg.com.
A replay of this conference call will also be available by dialing 877-344-7529 (toll free) or 412-317-0088, access code: 10016612, beginning 11:00 a.m. eastern on November 12 through December 3, and via the investor relations section of the Company's website.
About WVT Communications Group
WVT Communications Group is a world technology leader in providing cloud-based Unified Communications (UC) solutions for small, medium and enterprise businesses. Founded in 1902, the Company has continued to adapt and remain on the forefront of technology, chiseling its position among the most stable and respected communications vendors around the globe. Moving forward, it is forging the new model that communications providers, large and small, are striving to emulate. WVT Communications Group is merging new innovations, such as those from Alteva and USA Datanet, with proven technology from industry leaders like Microsoft, Cisco, BroadSoft, Panasonic, and Polycom to build the ideal hosting architecture for communications.
Through its USA Datanet (a Hosted VoIP and carrier services provider), Alteva (the nation's ninth largest UC provider), and Warwick Valley Telephone (a highly respected traditional telecom provider turned premier regional broadband company) businesses, WVT Communications Group is enabling businesses of any size to communicate more efficiently with hassle-free communications tools. By overlaying a UC division on its stabile, regional broadband company, WVT Communications Group has positioned itself in front of its peer group of companies and created an evolutionary change in its strategy. With this, the company may offer its residential customers a similar suite of UC applications and services for use in a home environment that its business customers can enjoy. Visit www.wvtcg.com or call 855-U-GO-CLOUD for more information.
All trademarks are the properties of their respective owners.
*Frost & Sullivan Analysis, March 2012
Safe Harbor Statement
This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including statements, without limitation, regarding expectations, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future. WVT Communications Group intends that such forward-looking statements be subject to the safe-harbor provided by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause WVT Communications Group's actual results, performance or achievements or industry results to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, among others, the following: general economic and business conditions, both nationally and in the geographic regions in which WVT Communications Group operates; industry capacity; demographic changes; technological changes and changes in consumer demand; the successful integration of WVT Communication Group's acquired businesses; existing governmental regulations and changes in, or the failure to comply with, governmental regulations; legislative proposals relating to the businesses in which WVT Communication Group operates; reduction in cash distributions from the Orange County-Poughkeepsie Limited Partnership; competition; or the loss of any significant ability to attract and retain qualified personnel. Given these uncertainties, current and prospective investors should be cautioned in their reliance on such forward-looking statements. Except as required by law, WVT Communications Group disclaims any obligation to update any such factors or to publicly announce the results of any revision to any of the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect future events or developments. A more comprehensive discussion of risks, uncertainties and forward-looking statements may be seen in WVT Communications Group's Annual Report on Form 10-K and other periodic filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
WARWICK VALLEY TELEPHONE COMPANY CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited) ($ in thousands except share and per share amounts) Three Months Ended Nine Months Ended September 30, September 30, ---------------------- ---------------------- 2012 2011 2012 2011 ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating revenues Unified Communications $ 3,621 $ 2,628 $ 10,147 $ 5,269 Telephone 3,429 4,201 10,870 13,549 ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- Total operating revenues 7,050 6,829 21,017 18,818 Operating expenses Cost of services and products (exclusive of depreciation and amortization expense) 3,428 4,024 10,410 10,215 Selling, general and administrative expenses 6,230 4,883 17,241 12,471 Depreciation and amortization 1,411 1,365 3,986 4,103 ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- Total operating expenses 11,069 10,272 31,637 26,789 ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating loss (4,019) (3,443) (10,620) (7,971) Other income (expense) Interest income (expense), net (123) (55) (292) 4 Income from equity method investment 3,250 1,328 7,771 6,744 Other income (expense), net (468) 31 (337) 46 ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- Total other income (expense) 2,659 1,304 7,142 6,794 ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- Loss before income taxes (1,360) (2,139) (3,478) (1,177) Income taxes benefit (438) (450) (1,094) (120) ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- Net loss (922) (1,689) (2,384) (1,057) Preferred dividends 6 6 19 19 ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- Loss applicable to common stock $ (928) $ (1,695) $ (2,403) $ (1,076) ========== ========== ========== ========== Basic loss per share $ (0.16) $ (0.31) $ (0.42) $ (0.20) ========== ========== ========== ========== Basic loss per puttable common share $ (0.16) $ (0.31) $ (0.42) $ (0.20) ========== ========== ========== ========== Diluted loss per share $ (0.16) $ (0.31) $ (0.42) $ (0.20) ========== ========== ========== ========== Diluted loss per puttable common share $ (0.16) $ (0.31) $ (0.42) $ (0.20) ========== ========== ========== ========== Weighted average shares of common stock used to calculate loss per share Basic 5,744,020 5,424,927 5,732,231 5,408,603 ========== ========== ========== ========== Diluted 5,744,020 5,424,927 5,732,231 5,408,603 ========== ========== ========== ========== Dividends declared per common share $ 0.27 $ 0.26 $ 0.81 $ 0.78 ========== ========== ========== ========== WARWICK VALLEY TELEPHONE COMPANY CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS ($ in thousands except share and per share amounts) September 30, December 31, 2012 2011 -------------- -------------- Assets (Unaudited) Current assets Cash and cash equivalents $ 2,559 $ 4,575 Short term investments - 259 Accounts receivable - net of allowance for uncollectibles - $744 and $759 in 2012 and 2011, respectively 3,549 2,717 Other accounts receivable 240 174 Materials and supplies 763 832 Prepaid expenses 1,255 731 Prepaid income taxes 2,206 2,715 Deferred Income taxes 405 405 -------------- -------------- Total current assets 10,977 12,408 -------------- -------------- Property, plant and equipment, net 25,864 25,425 Intangible assets, net 8,287 8,605 Investments - 1,979 Goodwill 9,121 9,121 Other assets 416 378 -------------- -------------- Total assets $ 54,665 $ 57,916 ============== ============== Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity Current liabilities Short-term borrowings $ 12,095 $ 5,600 Current maturities of long-term debt - 1,139 Accounts payable 1,292 1,715 Amounts due in connection with business acquisition 488 2,377 Derivative liability in connection with business acquisition - 131 Advance billing and payments 389 390 Accrued taxes 684 521 Pension and postretirement benefit obligations 622 622 Other accrued expenses 3,907 3,398 -------------- -------------- Total current liabilities 19,477 15,893 -------------- -------------- Amounts due in connection with business acquisition - 472 Deferred income taxes 1,575 1,358 Pension and postretirement benefit obligations 9,463 9,915 -------------- -------------- Total liabilities 30,515 27,638 -------------- -------------- Commitments and contingencies Puttable common stock, $.01 par value, 25,148 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2012 and 272,479 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2011 369 4,125 Shareholders' equity Preferred shares - $100 par value; authorized and issued shares of 5,000; $0.01 par value; authorized and unissued shares of 10,000,000 500 500 Common stock - $0.01 par value; authorized shares of 10,000,000 Issued 6,556,081 and 6,217,839 shares at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively 66 62 Treasury stock - at cost, 788,825 and 735,391 shares of common stock at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively (7,049) (6,262) Additional paid in capital 11,310 6,191 Accumulated other comprehensive loss (4,590) (4,979) Retained earnings 23,544 30,641 -------------- -------------- Total shareholders' equity 23,781 26,153 -------------- -------------- Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $ 54,665 $ 57,916 ============== ==============
Public Cloud IaaS started it's life in the developer and startup communities and has grown rapidly to a $20B+ industry, but it still pales in comparison to how much is spent worldwide on IT: $3.6 trillion. In fact, there are 8.6 million data centers worldwide, the reality is many small and medium sized business have server closets and colocation footprints filled with servers and storage gear. While on-premise environment virtualization may have peaked at 75%, the Public Cloud has lagged in ado...
Apr. 25, 2015 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,240
Dave will share his insights on how Internet of Things for Enterprises are transforming and making more productive and efficient operations and maintenance (O&M) procedures in the cleantech industry and beyond. Speaker Bio: Dave Landa is chief operating officer of Cybozu Corp (kintone US). Based in the San Francisco Bay Area, Dave has been on the forefront of the Cloud revolution driving strategic business development on the executive teams of multiple leading Software as a Services (SaaS) ap...
Apr. 25, 2015 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,526
SYS-CON Media announced today that @WebRTCSummit Blog, the largest WebRTC resource in the world, has been launched. @WebRTCSummit Blog offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. @WebRTCSummit Blog can be bookmarked ▸ Here @WebRTCSummit conference site can be bookmarked ▸ Here
Apr. 25, 2015 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,481
SYS-CON Events announced today that GENBAND, a leading developer of real time communications software solutions, has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's WebRTC Summit, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. The GENBAND team will be on hand to demonstrate their newest product, Kandy. Kandy is a communications Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) that enables companies to seamlessly integrate more human communications into their Web and mobile applicatio...
Apr. 25, 2015 01:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,707
SYS-CON Events announced today that BroadSoft, the leading global provider of Unified Communications and Collaboration (UCC) services to operators worldwide, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's WebRTC Summit, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. BroadSoft is the leading provider of software and services that enable mobile, fixed-line and cable service providers to offer Unified Communications over their Internet Protocol networks. The Compa...
Apr. 25, 2015 12:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,510
Apr. 25, 2015 12:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,300
SYS-CON Events announced today the DevOps Foundation Certification Course, being held June ?, 2015, in conjunction with DevOps Summit and 16th Cloud Expo at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. This sixteen (16) hour course provides an introduction to DevOps – the cultural and professional movement that stresses communication, collaboration, integration and automation in order to improve the flow of work between software developers and IT operations professionals. Improved workflows will res...
Apr. 25, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,499
The 17th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. 17th International Cloud Expo, to be held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, APM, APIs, Microservices, Security, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding bu...
Apr. 25, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,295
The 5th International DevOps Summit, co-located with 17th International Cloud Expo – being held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA – announces that its Call for Papers is open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the...
Apr. 25, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,204
ProfitBricks has launched its new DevOps Central and REST API, along with support for three multi-cloud libraries and a Python SDK. This, combined with its already existing SOAP API and its new RESTful API, moves ProfitBricks into a position to better serve the DevOps community and provide the ability to automate cloud infrastructure in a multi-cloud world. Following this momentum, ProfitBricks has also introduced several libraries that enable developers to use their favorite language to code ...
Apr. 25, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,677
What exactly is a cognitive application? In her session at 16th Cloud Expo, Ashley Hathaway, Product Manager at IBM Watson, will look at the services being offered by the IBM Watson Developer Cloud and what that means for developers and Big Data. She'll explore how IBM Watson and its partnerships will continue to grow and help define what it means to be a cognitive service, as well as take a look at the offerings on Bluemix. She will also check out how Watson and the Alchemy API team up to off...
Apr. 25, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,821
The IoT Bootcamp is coming to Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo on June 9-10 at the Javits Center in New York. Instructor. Registration is now available at http://iotbootcamp.sys-con.com/ Instructor Janakiram MSV previously taught the famously successful Multi-Cloud Bootcamp at Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo in November in Santa Clara. Now he is expanding the focus to Janakiram is the founder and CTO of Get Cloud Ready Consulting, a niche Cloud Migration and Cloud Operations firm that recently got acquir...
Apr. 25, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,640
The world's leading Cloud event, Cloud Expo has launched Microservices Journal on the SYS-CON.com portal, featuring over 19,000 original articles, news stories, features, and blog entries. DevOps Journal is focused on this critical enterprise IT topic in the world of cloud computing. Microservices Journal offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. Follow new article posts on T...
Apr. 25, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,078
SYS-CON Events announced today that Litmus Automation will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Litmus Automation’s vision is to provide a solution for companies that are in a rush to embrace the disruptive Internet of Things technology and leverage it for real business challenges. Litmus Automation simplifies the complexity of connected devices applications with Loop, a secure and scalable clou...
Apr. 25, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,731
In 2015, 4.9 billion connected "things" will be in use. By 2020, Gartner forecasts this amount to be 25 billion, a 410 percent increase in just five years. How will businesses handle this rapid growth of data? Hadoop will continue to improve its technology to meet business demands, by enabling businesses to access/analyze data in real time, when and where they need it. Cloudera's Chief Technologist, Eli Collins, will discuss how Big Data is keeping up with today's data demands and how in t...
Apr. 25, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,436
SYS-CON Media announced today that @ThingsExpo Blog launched with 7,788 original stories. @ThingsExpo Blog offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. @ThingsExpo Blog can be bookmarked. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.
Apr. 25, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,517
As Marc Andreessen says software is eating the world. Everything is rapidly moving toward being software-defined – from our phones and cars through our washing machines to the datacenter. However, there are larger challenges when implementing software defined on a larger scale - when building software defined infrastructure. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Boyan Ivanov, CEO of StorPool, will provide some practical insights on what, how and why when implementing "software-defined" in the dat...
Apr. 25, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,609
SYS-CON Events announced today that robomq.io will exhibit at SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. robomq.io is an interoperable and composable platform that connects any device to any application. It helps systems integrators and the solution providers build new and innovative products and service for industries requiring monitoring or intelligence from devices and sensors.
Apr. 25, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,081
SYS-CON Events announced today that Vicom Computer Services, Inc., a provider of technology and service solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. They are located at booth #427. Vicom Computer Services, Inc. is a progressive leader in the technology industry for over 30 years. Headquartered in the NY Metropolitan area. Vicom provides products and services based on today’s requirements...
Apr. 25, 2015 10:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,729
DevOps tasked with driving success in the cloud need a solution to efficiently leverage multiple clouds while avoiding cloud lock-in. Flexiant today announces the commercial availability of Flexiant Concerto. With Flexiant Concerto, DevOps have cloud freedom to automate the build, deployment and operations of applications consistently across multiple clouds. Concerto is available through four disruptive pricing models aimed to deliver multi-cloud at a price point everyone can afford.
Apr. 25, 2015 10:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,685