Welcome!

@CloudExpo Authors: Liz McMillan, Elizabeth White, Yeshim Deniz, Pat Romanski, William Schmarzo

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Microservices Expo, @BigDataExpo

@CloudExpo: Article

Cloud Native Applications | @CloudExpo #BigData #DataLake #Microservices

There are two important such design patterns that are emerging in the cloud era - microservices and data lake

Cloud Native Applications
As the cloud becomes more of the norm as part of enterprise computing, enterprises now have to deal with the issue of how to ensure that applications effectively use the attributes of cloud. There are monolithic applications from the previous era that are continuing to be migrated to the cloud using a lift and shift approach. With minimal changes, they do benefit from certain attributes of cloud like availability and management, but there is also a new set of application architecture emerging, namely the ‘cloud native applications.'

A cloud native application is designed to take the best advantage of its deployment to a cloud platform. By adopting cloud native applications they improve their agility in the way they build, deploy and manage their applications.

The design patterns of the existing application architecture don't fully support the concept of cloud native applications and require new set of design patterns. There are two important such design patterns that are emerging in the cloud era.

  1. Microservices
  2. Data Lake

While both represent two different layers of architecture, there are some ways both are interrelated as explained below.

Microservices
A lot of information is available about microservices. Over the years multi-tiered and tightly coupled applications have grown and are typically called as "monolithic" applications. However, these "monolithic" applications are not able to take full advantage of cloud platforms and it's difficult to scale them at a component level. Another issue is that these applications tend to have single point of failures due to tight coupling in nature. Microservices address this issue with the design of self-contained services that can be deployed, versioned and scaled independently with the rest of the components of the application. A cloud native approach to application design warrant a microservices design approach where by decoupled federation of services makes up an application. Microservices also provide well-defined interfaces based on industry standard protocols so that they can interface with each other.

Data Lake
In the era of Big Data, a data lake is an enterprise-wide repository of data of any size, type and format. Typically data lake repositories are built on a Hadoop HDFS based file system.

  • Unlike a typical data warehouse or an operational data store, data store does not require data validation and cleansing before it gets loaded.
  • A data lake does not require Schema On Write, but rather go by Schema On Read. However the data producing applications can use their own schema while pushing data to the data lake.
  • A data lakecannot use the traditional JOINS to relate data, but depend on complex processing capability to provide results at low latency.

Issues with Microservices and Usage of DataLake
While there are advantages in using a microservices pattern from a cloud native applications, it does have its limitations. As per the definition of microservices, they have to be self-contained, which means that each microservice has to have a separate data store of its own and can't use a shared database as is typically done in monolithic applications.

Having separate databases per microservice typically makes the data integration and application-wide data access across microservices very difficult. Here is where the concept of data lake comes in handy.

By ensuring that the microservices are managing their own data, if they also write their persistent data to an enterprise-wide data lake, then the data lake can be utilized for centralized data access and integration needs.

The following diagram shows how microservices and data lake are related from enterprise application design perspective.

Microservices and DataLake Support in Major Cloud Platforms
All major cloud platforms started supporting both microservices and data lake as part of their offerings so that the enterprises can build cloud native applications. For example in Microsoft Azure the following support is supported.

  • Service Fabric enables you to build and manage scalable and reliable applications composed of microservices running at a Service Fabric cluster.
  • Azure Service Fabric offers two high-level frameworks for building services: the Reliable Services API and the Reliable Actors API.

From a data lake perspective, Microsoft Azure provides the following services.

  • Azure Data Lake includes all the capabilities required to make it easy for developers, data scientists and analysts to store data of any size, shape and speed and do all types of processing and analytics across platforms
  • With Data Lake Analytics, use U-SQL, a query language which blends the declarative nature of SQL with the expressive power of C#.

It may require separate write-ups to go into detail about these two services. But the point is that cloud providers support the design patterns for cloud native applications and organizations can appropriately use them.

More Stories By Srinivasan Sundara Rajan

Highly passionate about utilizing Digital Technologies to enable next generation enterprise. Believes in enterprise transformation through the Natives (Cloud Native & Mobile Native).

@CloudExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today that Outscale, a global pure play Infrastructure as a Service provider and strategic partner of Dassault Systèmes, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Founded in 2010, Outscale simplifies infrastructure complexities and boosts the business agility of its customers. Outscale delivers a secure, reliable and industrial strength solution for its customers, which in...
New competitors, disruptive technologies, and growing expectations are pushing every business to both adopt and deliver new digital services. This ‘Digital Transformation’ demands rapid delivery and continuous iteration of new competitive services via multiple channels, which in turn demands new service delivery techniques – including DevOps. In this power panel at @DevOpsSummit 20th Cloud Expo, moderated by DevOps Conference Co-Chair Andi Mann, panelists will examine how DevOps helps to meet th...
As DevOps methodologies expand their reach across the enterprise, organizations face the daunting challenge of adapting related cloud strategies to ensure optimal alignment, from managing complexity to ensuring proper governance. How can culture, automation, legacy apps and even budget be reexamined to enable this ongoing shift within the modern software factory?
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloudistics, an on-premises cloud computing company, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Cloudistics delivers a complete public cloud experience with composable on-premises infrastructures to medium and large enterprises. Its software-defined technology natively converges network, storage, compute, virtualization, and management into a ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that A&I Solutions has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Founded in 1999, A&I Solutions is a leading information technology (IT) software and services provider focusing on best-in-class enterprise solutions. By partnering with industry leaders in technology, A&I assures customers high performance levels across all IT environments including: mai...
Every successful software product evolves from an idea to an enterprise system. Notably, the same way is passed by the product owner's company. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Oleg Lola, CEO of MobiDev, will provide a generalized overview of the evolution of a software product, the product owner, the needs that arise at various stages of this process, and the value brought by a software development partner to the product owner as a response to these needs.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Tappest will exhibit MooseFS at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. MooseFS is a breakthrough concept in the storage industry. It allows you to secure stored data with either duplication or erasure coding using any server. The newest – 4.0 version of the software enables users to maintain the redundancy level with even 50% less hard drive space required. The software func...
Most technology leaders, contemporary and from the hardware era, are reshaping their businesses to do software in the hope of capturing value in IoT. Although IoT is relatively new in the market, it has already gone through many promotional terms such as IoE, IoX, SDX, Edge/Fog, Mist Compute, etc. Ultimately, irrespective of the name, it is about deriving value from independent software assets participating in an ecosystem as one comprehensive solution.
SYS-CON Events announced today that EARP will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. "We are a software house, so we perfectly understand challenges that other software houses face in their projects. We can augment a team, that will work with the same standards and processes as our partners' internal teams. Our teams will deliver the same quality within the required time and budget just as our partn...
SYS-CON Events announced today that delaPlex will exhibit at SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. delaPlex pioneered Software Development as a Service (SDaaS), which provides scalable resources to build, test, and deploy software. It’s a fast and more reliable way to develop a new product or expand your in-house team.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Systena America will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Systena Group has been in business for various software development and verification in Japan, US, ASEAN, and China by utilizing the knowledge we gained from all types of device development for various industries including smartphones (Android/iOS), wireless communication, security technology and IoT serv...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Outscale will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Outscale's technology makes an automated and adaptable Cloud available to businesses, supporting them in the most complex IT projects while controlling their operational aspects. You boost your IT infrastructure's reactivity, with request responses that only take a few seconds.
Regardless of what business you’re in, it’s increasingly a software-driven business. Consumers’ rising expectations for connected digital and physical experiences are driving what some are calling the "Customer Experience Challenge.” In his session at @DevOpsSummit at 20th Cloud Expo, Marco Morales, Director of Global Solutions at CollabNet, will discuss how organizations are increasingly adopting a discipline of Value Stream Mapping to ensure that the software they are producing is poised to o...
DevOps at Cloud Expo – being held October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA – announces that its Call for Papers is open. Born out of proven success in agile development, cloud computing, and process automation, DevOps is a macro trend you cannot afford to miss. From showcase success stories from early adopters and web-scale businesses, DevOps is expanding to organizations of all sizes, including the world's largest enterprises – and delivering real r...
Cloud applications are seeing a deluge of requests to support the exploding advanced analytics market. “Open analytics” is the emerging strategy to deliver that data through an open data access layer, in the cloud, to be directly consumed by external analytics tools and popular programming languages. An increasing number of data engineers and data scientists use a variety of platforms and advanced analytics languages such as SAS, R, Python and Java, as well as frameworks such as Hadoop and Spark...
Interested in leveling up on your Cloud Foundry skills? Join IBM for Cloud Foundry Days on June 7 at Cloud Expo New York at the Javits Center in New York City. Cloud Foundry Days is a free half day educational conference and networking event. Come find out why Cloud Foundry is the industry's fastest-growing and most adopted cloud application platform.
Cloud promises the agility required by today’s digital businesses. As organizations adopt cloud based infrastructures and services, their IT resources become increasingly dynamic and hybrid in nature. Managing these require modern IT operations and tools. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Raj Sundaram, Senior Principal Product Manager at CA Technologies, will discuss how to modernize your IT operations in order to proactively manage your hybrid cloud and IT environments. He will be sharing bes...
SYS-CON Events announced today that delaPlex will exhibit at SYS-CON's @CloudExpo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. delaPlex pioneered Software Development as a Service (SDaaS), which provides scalable resources to build, test, and deploy software. It’s a fast and more reliable way to develop a new product or expand your in-house team.
DevOps is often described as a combination of technology and culture. Without both, DevOps isn't complete. However, applying the culture to outdated technology is a recipe for disaster; as response times grow and connections between teams are delayed by technology, the culture will die. A Nutanix Enterprise Cloud has many benefits that provide the needed base for a true DevOps paradigm. In his Day 3 Keynote at 20th Cloud Expo, Chris Brown, a Solutions Marketing Manager at Nutanix, will explore t...
Five years ago development was seen as a dead-end career, now it’s anything but – with an explosion in mobile and IoT initiatives increasing the demand for skilled engineers. But apart from having a ready supply of great coders, what constitutes true ‘DevOps Royalty’? It’ll be the ability to craft resilient architectures, supportability, security everywhere across the software lifecycle. In his keynote at @DevOpsSummit at 20th Cloud Expo, Jeffrey Scheaffer, GM and SVP, Continuous Delivery Busine...